Friday, December 7, 2012

M. E. XXIX

Eryx A son of Butes and Aphrodité, who, relying on his strength, challenged all strangers to fight him in the combat of the caestus. Heracles accepted his challege after many had yielded to his superior dexterity, and Eryx was killed in the combat, and buried on the mountain where he had built a temple to Aphrodité.

Stator [L.] Rom. Relig. An epithet of Jupiter, probably originally meaning stayer, establisher. It was sometimes interpreted as meaning one who stays an army in flight.

Locrus 1. A son of Physcius and grandson of Amphictyon, became by Cabya the father of Locrus, the mythical founder of the Ozolian Locrians ( Plut. Quaest. Graec. 15 ). According to some the wife of the former Locrus was called Cambyse or Protogenea ( Pind. Ol. ix. 86; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 277 ). 2. A son of Zeus and Maera, the daughter of the Argive king Proetus and Antia. He is said to have assisted Zethus and Amphion in the building of Thebes ( Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1688 ). 3. [ See PROTOGENEIA, No. 1.] 4. A son of Phaeax who imigrated to Italy where he married Laurina, the daughter of Latinus. [ See PHAEAX.]

Chaos According to Hesiod, the yawning, unfathomable abyss which was the first of all existing things. From Chaos arose Gaea ( Earth ), Tartarus ( Hell ), and Eros ( Love ). Chaos bore Erebus and Night; from their union sprang Aether and Hemera ( Sky and Day ). The conception of Chaos is the confused mass out of which, in the begining, the separate forms of things arose is erroneous, and belongs to a later period.

ox-eyed adj. Having eyes like those of an ox; translation of Gr. boōpis boöpis, used by Homer as an epithet for Hera.

Atreus [L., fr. Gr. Atreus.] A son of Pelops ( which see ) and Hippodamia, and father of Menelaus and Agamemnon. Atreus and his brother Thyestes slew their half brother Chrysippus. They fled to Mycenae, where Atreus became king and married Aërope, daughter of Minos, king of Crete. Thyestes seduced Aërope, and sent Pleisthenes ( Atreus's son ) to kill Atreus; Atreus unwittingly slew Pleisthenes, and, feigning reconciliation with Thyestes, killed three of the sons of Thyestes and served them in a banquet to their father, whereupon Thyestes cursed the house of Atreus. Atreus was slain by Aegisthus, son of Thyestes. Cf. AGAMEMNON.

Saturn In Roman mythology, the god of agriculture: identified with the Greek Cronus.  n. The second largest planet of the solar system and sixth in order from the sun. Abbr. Sat.  [< L Saturnus? Akin to satus, pp. of severe to sow ]

Ascalaphus (1) The son of Ares and Astyoché, who led, with his brother Ialmenus, the Minyans of Orchomenus against Troy, and was slain by Deïphobus ( Il. ii. 512 ). (2) The son of Acheron and Gorgyra or Orphné. When Pluto gave Persephoné ( Proserpina ) permission to return to the upper world, provided she eaten nothing, Ascalaphus declared that she had eaten part of a pomegranate. Persephoné, in revenge changed him into an owl by sprinkling him with water from the river Phlegethon ( Ovid, Met. v. 540 ).

Leucothea Class. Myth. a sea goddess, the deified Ino, who gave Odysseus a veil as a float after a storm had destroyed his raft. Also, Leukothea.  [< Gk: lit., the white goddess]

Alexander 2. Also, Alexandros. Class. Myth. Homeric name for Paris.

Age of Aquarius An astrological era held to have brought to the world increast spirituality and harmony among people.

Ellotia or Hellotia A festival with a torch-race celebrated at Corinth in honour of Athené as a goddess of fire ( Athen. xv. p. 678 a, b ). A festival of the same name in honour of Europa. The ελλωτίς, from which the festival derived its name, was, according to Seleucus ( ap. Athen. 1. c.), a myrtle garland twenty cubits in circumference, which was carried about at the festival of the Ellotia.

Agretae The name of nine maidens chosen each year in the island of Cos, as priestesses of Athené.

Latinus Rom. Legend. the father of Lavinia and king of Latium at the time of the arrival of Aeneas.

Clite Class. Myth. the wife of Cyzicus, who hanged herself when her husband was mistakenly killed by the Argonauts.

Lyaeus ( Αναίος," care-dispeller"). A name of Dionysus ( q. v.).

Polybotes One of the giants who fought against the gods. He was pursued by Poseidon across the sea as far as the island of Cos. There Poseidon tore away a part of the island, which was afterwords called Nisyrion, and throwing it upon the giant buried him under it.

Ilaïra The daughter of Leucippus and Philodicé and sister of Phoebé. She and her sister, who are called by the poets Leucippidae, were carried off by the Dioscuri. Ilaïra became the wife of Castor.

Olympius A name applied especially to Zeus as the chief of the gods who lived upon Olympus. See OLYMPUS; ZEUS.

Aphrogeneia " Foam-sprung." An epithet of Aphrodité ( q.v.).

Pallas [L., fr. Gr. Pallas, -ados.] 1. Gr. Myth. a An epithet of Athena ( which see ). b A giant slain by Athena in the Gigantomachy. c A Titan, husband of Styx.

Astyanax [L., fr. Gr. Astyanax.] Gr. Myth. The son of Hector and Andromache, less often called by his proper name Scamandrius. He was hurled by the Greeks from the walls of Troy, that he might not restore the kingdom, as predicted by Calchas. Another story is that he was carried away from Troy, with his mother, by Neoptolemus, whom he succeeded as king of Epirus.

Eurynome [L., fr. Gr. Eurynomē.] Gr. Myth. A sea goddess, daughter of Oceanus.

demigod 1. An inferior or lesser deity. 2. In classical mythology, a hero, supposed to be the offspring of a god and a mortal. 3. A man with the attributes of a god. ─ demigoddess n. fem.

Cocalus A mythical king of Sicily, who kindly received Daedalus ( q. v.) on his flight from Crete, and with the assistance of his daughters put Minos to death, when the latter came in pursuit of Daedalus.

Areté The wife of Alcinous ( q. v.), king of the Phaeacians and the protector of Odysseus ( q. v.).

Apollonia A propiatory festival solemnized at Sicyon in honour of Apollo and Artemis. See Pausan. ii. 7, & 7.

Clymené (1) A daugher of Oceanus and Tethys, who married Iapetus, by whom she had Atlas, Prometheus, Menoetius, and Epimetheus. (2) The mother of Phaëthon. (3) A female servant of Helen, who accompanied her in her flight with Paris.

nine ─ the Nine The Muses.

Epigoni In Greek legend, the sons of the Seven against Thebes who successfully attacked Thebes.

Philyra [L., fr. Gr. Philyra.] Gr. Myth. A daughter of Oceanus, mother of the Centaur Chiron, whom she bore to Cronus.

Asopus [L., fr. Gr. Asōpus.] The god of the river Asopus, in Sicyonia, struck by a thunderbolt from Zeus, whom he had attacked when the latter was carrying off Aegina.

Leucothoë [L.] 1. Gr. & Rom. Myth. Daughter of Orchards, king of Babylon. She is fabled to have been changed by Apollo into a sweet-scented shrub.

Agriope Class. Myth. Eurydice.

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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