Friday, March 4, 2016

M.E. XXXVIII

Entoria The daughter of a Roman countryman. Saturn ( Cronos ) who was once hospitably received by him, became, by his fair daughter, the father of four sons, Janus, Hymnus, Faustus, and Felix. Saturn taught the father of the cultivation of the vine and the preparation of wine, enjoining him to teach his neighbours the same. This was done accordingly, but the country people, who became intoxicated with their new drink, thought it to be a poison, and stoned their neighbour to death, whereupon his sons hung themselves in their grief. At a much later time, when the Romans were visited by a plague, they were told by the Delphic oracle, that the plague was a punishment for the outrage of Entoria's father and Lutatius Catulus caused a temple to be erected to Saturn on the Tarpeian rock, and in it an altar with four faces. (Plut. Parall. Gr. et Rom. 9.)

Felix A son of Saturn and Entoria. [See ENTORIA.]

Machaereus I. e. the swordsman. a son of Daetas of Delphi, who is said to have slain Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, in a quarrel about the sacrificial meat at Delphi. ( Strab. ix. p. 421; Pind. Nem. vii. 62, with the scholiast.)

Deidamia 1. A daughter of Bellerophontes and wife of Evander, by whom she became the mother of Sarpedon. ( Diod. v. 79.) Homer ( Il. vi. 197 ) calls her Laodamia. 2. A daughter of Lycomedes in the island of Scyros. When Achilles was concealed there in maiden's attire, De├»damia became by him the mother of Pyrrhus or Neoptolemus, and, according to other, of Oneirus also. ( Apollod. iii. 13. § 7; Ptolem. Hteph. 3.) 3. The wife of Pirithous, who is commonly called Hippodamia. ( Plut. Thes. 30; comp. HIPPODAMIA.)

Faustus A son of Saturn and Entoria. [See ENTORIA.]

Toxeus A son of Oeneus and Althaea, was killed by Meleager. ( Apollod. i. 8. § 1; Anton. Lib. 2; comp. OENEUS.)

Aba A Thracian nymph, the mother of Ergiscus by Poseidon. ( Suidas s.v. Ergisce.)

Sebrus A son of Hippocoon, was worshipped as a hero at Sparta, where he had an heroum called Sebrium. ( Paus. iii. 15. § 1; comp. DORCEUS.)

Glaucomone One of the daughters of Nereus. ( Hes. Theog. 256; Apollod. 1. 2. § 7.)

Nacole The eponymous nymph of the town of Nacoleia in Phrygia.

Ergiscus A son of Poseidon and the nymph Aba for whom the town of Ergisca in Thrace was named. ( Suidas. s.v. Ergisce.)

Dorceus A son of Hippocoon, who had a heroum at Sparta conjointly with his brother Sebrus. The well near the sanctuary was called Dorceia and the place around it Sebrion. ( Paus. iii. 15 § 2.) It is probable that Dorceus is the same personage as the Dorcyleus in Apollodorus ( iii. 10. § 5 ), where his brother is called Tebrus.

Calybe 1. A nymph by whom Laomedon became the father of Bucolion ( Hom. Il. vi. 23; Apollod. iii. 12. § 3 ) 2. A priestess of Juno. ( Virg. Aen. vii. 419.)

Penthilus 1. A son of Orestes and Erigone, is said to have led a colony of Aeolians to Thrace. He was the father of Echetalus and Damasias. ( Paus. ii. 18. § 5, iii. 2. § 1, v. 4, § 2, vii. 6. § 2; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 1374; Strab. xiii. p. 582; Aristot. Polit. v. 8, 13.) 2. There was also a son of Periclymenus of this name. ( Paus. ii. 18. § 7.)

Tegyrius A Thracian king who received Eumolpus and his son Ismarus, and gave to the former his kingdom. ( Apollod. iii. 15. § 4; comp. EUMOLPUS.)

Oebalus 1. A son of Cynortas, and husband of Gorgophone, by whom he became the father of Tyndareus, Peirene, and Arene, was king of Sparta, where he was afterwords honoured with an heroum ( Paus. iii. 1. § 3, 15. § 7, ii. 2. § 3, iv. 2. §  3 ). According to others he was a son of Perieres and a grandson of Cynortas, and was married to the nymph Batea, by whom he had several children ( Apollod. iii. 10. § 4; Schol. ad Eurip Orest. 447 ). The patronymic Oebalides is not only applied to his descendants, but to the Spartans generally, and hence it occurs as an epithet or surname of Hyacinthus, Castor, Pollux and Helena ( Ov. Ib. 590, Fast. v. 705. Her. xvi. 126.) 2. A son of Telon by a nymph of the stream Sbethus near Naples. Telon, originally a king of the Teleboans, had come from the island of Taphos to Capreae, in Italy; and Oebalus settled in Campania. ( Virg. Aea. vii. 734, with Serv. note.)

Abarbarea 1. A Naiad, who bore two sons, Aesepus and Pedasus, to Bucolion, the eldest but illegitimate son of the Trojan King Laomedon. ( Hom. Il. vi. 22, &c.) Other writers do not mention this nymph, but Hesychius ( s.v.) mentions Abarbareai or Abarbaraiai as the name of a class of nymphs.

Periphas 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus. ( Apollod. ii. 1. § 5.) 2. A son of Oeneus. ( Anton. Lib. 2; comp. TOXEUS.) 3. A son of Lapithes in Thessaly. ( Diod. iv. 69, v. 61; comp. LAPITHES.) 4. One of the Lapithae. ( Ov. Met. xii. 449.) 5. An Attic autochthon previous to the time of Cecrops, was a priest of Apollo, and on account of his virtues he was made king; but as he was honoured to the same extent as Zeus, the latter wished to destroy him. At the request of Apollo, however, Zeus metamorphosed him into an eagle, and his wife likewise into a bird. ( Anton. Lib. 6; Ov. Met. vii. 400.) 6. A son of the Aetolian Ochesius, fell by the hand of Ares in the Trojan War. ( Hom. Il. v. 842.) 7. A son of Epytus, and a herald of Aeneas. ( Hom. Il. xvii. 323.) 8. A Greek who took part in the destruction of Troy. ( Virg. Aen. ii. 476.)

Nana A daughter of the river Sangarius who gave birth to Atys after being impregnated by an almond which fell from a tree grown from the genitals of Agdistis. [See ATYS.]

Zarex A hero who was believed to have been instructed in music by Apollo, and had an heroum near Eleusis. Pausanias ( i. 38. § 4 ) takes him to be a Laconian hero, and the founder of the town of Zarex in Laconia. The scholiast on Lycophron ( 500 ) describes him as a son of Carystus or Carycus, as a grandson of Chiron, and as the father of Anius by Rhoeo.

Tecmessa The daughter of the Phrygian king Teleutas, whose territory was ravaged by the Greeks during a predatory excursion from Troy. Tecmessa was made prisoner, and was given to Ajax, the son of Telamon, who lived with her as his wife, and had by her a son, Eurysaces. ( Soph. Ajax. ad Hom. Il. i. 138.)

Epytus A Trojan, who clung to Aeneas in the night, when Troy was destroyed. He was the father of Periphas, who was a companion of Julus, and who is called by the patronymic Epytides. ( Virg. Aen. ii. 340, v. 547, 579; Hom. Il. xvii. 323.)

Alba Silvius One of the mythical kings of Alba, said to have been the son of Latinus, and the father of Atys, according to Livy, and of Capetus, according to Dionysius. He reigned thirty-nine years. ( Liv. i. 3; Dionys. i. 71.)

Marica A Latin nymph who was worshipped at Minturnae, and to whom a grove was sacred on the river Liris. She was said to be the mother of Latinus by Faunus. ( Virg. Aen. vii. 47.) Servius ( ad Aen. l. c. and xii. 164 ) remarks that some considered her to be identical with Aphrodite and others with Circe.

Sabus A Sabine hero, son of Sancus. [See SANCUS.]

Feretrius A surname of the god Jupiter. [See JUPITER.]

Otia The Roman personification of leisure and ease, a companion of the god Somnus.

Numitor The father of Rhea Silvia and grandfather of Romulus and Remus. [ See ROMULUS.]

Acron The king of Caenina slain by Romulus. [See ROMULUS.]

Venti The god of the winds, Roman counterparts of the Greek Anemi [See ANEMI]. In the Museum Pio Clementinum there exists a marble monument upon which the winds are described with their Greek and Latin names, viz., Septentrio ( Aparctias ), Eurus ( Euros, or southeast), and between these two Aquilo ( Boreas), Vulturnus ( Caicias) and Solanus ( Apheliates). Between Eurus and Notus ( Notos) there is only one, the Euroauster ( Euronotus); between Favonius ( Zephyrus) are marked Austro-Africus ( Libonotus), and Africus ( Lips); and between Favonius and Septentrio we find Chrus ( Iapyx) and Circius ( Thracius). The winds were represented by poets and artists in different ways; the latter usually represented with winds at their heads and shoulders ( Ov. Met. i. 264, &c.; Philostr. Icon. i. 24).

Iolaus [L., fr. Gr. Iolaos.] Gr. Myth. A Boeotian hero whose cult was supplanted by that of Hercules. In classic myth he is the friend, companion, and sometimes the charioteer of Hercules.

Abaris [Gr.] Gr. Myth. A Hyperborean sage said to have traveled upon an arrow given him by Apollo, and to have lived without food.

Epigonus [L., fr. Gr. epigonus, fr. epi after + root of gignesthai to be torn.] 1. Gr. Myth. One of the sons of the seven heroes who were beaten before Thebes ( see SEVEN AGAINST THEBES ). Thirty years after their father's defeat, with Alcmaeon as leader, they conquered and destroyed the city.

Idas [L., fr. Gr. Idas.] In Greek legend, a hero, son of Aphareus, and the inseperable companion of his brother Lynceus. He won the nymph Marpessa when Apollo wooed her. Idas and Lynceus took part in the Calydonian boar hunt and the Argonautic expedition. In a quarrel with their cousins Castor and Pollux, Idas killed Castor, Pollux slew Lynceus, and Idas was killed by Zeus.

Erichthonius [L., fr. Gr. Erichthonios.] Gr. Myth. 1. An Athenian hero, generally the same as Erechtheus, but by some classic writers made an ancestor of Erechtheus. Cf. HERSE.  2. A son of Dardanus and father of Tros, in the royal line of Troy.

Peisander 1. A son of Maemalus, a Myrmidon, and  one of the warriors of Achilles. ( Hom. Il. xvi. 193.) 2. A son of Polyctor, and one of the suitors of Penelope. ( Hom. Od. xviii. 298, &c xxii. 268; Ov. Her. i. 91.)

Abderus A son of Hermes, or according to others of Poseidon and Thronia or Thromius the Locrian. ( Apollod. ii. 5.§ 8; Pind. Paean 2; Strab. vii. p. 331.) He was a favourite of Heracles, and was torn to pieces by the mares of Diomedes, which Heracles had given him to pursue the Bistones. Heracles is said to have built the town of Abdera to honour him. According to Hyginus, ( Fab. 30,) Abderus was a servant of Diomedes, the king of the Thracian-Bistones, and was killed by Heracles together with his master and his four men-devouring horses. (Compare Philostrat. Heroic. 3.§ 1. ; 19, 2.)

Enyalius [L., fr. Gr. Enyalios.] Gr. Myth. A god of war, in Homer identified with Ares.

Maemactes I. e. the stormy, a surname of Zeus, from which the name of the Attic month Maemacterion was derived. In that month the Maemacteria was celebrated at Athens. ( Plut. de Ir. cohib. 9.)

Sida 1. The wife of Orion, who was sent by Hera into Hades, because she pretended to be more beautiful than the goddess. ( Apollod. i. 4.§ 3.) 2. A daughter of Danaus, from whom a town of Laconia was believed to have derived its name. ( Paus. iii. 22.§ 9.)

Odites The name of two mythical beings, one a centaur, and the other an Ethiopian, who was slain by Clymenus at the wedding of Perseus. ( Ov. Met. xii. 457, v. 97.)

Albunea A prophetic nymph or Sibyl, to whom in the neighbourhood of  Tibur a grove was consecrated, with a well and a temple. Near it was the oracle of Faunus Fatidicus. ( Virg. Aen. vii. 81, &c.; Hor. Carm. i. 7. 12; Tibull. ii. 5. 69.) Lactantius ( De Sibyll. i. 6) states, that the tenth Sibyl, called Albunea, was worshipped at Tibur, and that her image, holding a book in one hand, was found in the bed of the river Anio. Her series or oracles, which belonged to the libri fatales were, at the command of the senate, deposited and kept in the Capitol. The small square temple of this Sibyl is still extant at Tivoli.

Malevolus " The Ill-Willed," a surname of Mercury. [See MERCURIUS.]

Acerbas [L.] Rom. Myth. A Tyrian noble, husband of Elissa ( Dido ).

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