Tuesday, December 4, 2012

M. E. XXI

Achilleum A town neart the promontory Sigaeum ( q. v.) in the Troad, where Achilles was supposed to be buried.

Halirrhothius The son of Poseidon and Euryté, who attempted to violate Alcippé, daughter of Ares and Agraulos, but was slain by Ares. Ares was brought up to trial by Poseidon for this murder, on the hill at Athens, which was hence called Areopagus, or Hill of Ares.

Meditrina A Roman goddess of the healing art, whose festival, the MEDITRINALIA, was observed annually on October 11. See Varo, L. L. vi. 21.

weird ─ the Weird Sisters 1. The Fates. 2. The three witches in Shakespeare's Macbeth.

Melaneus A son of Apollo. He was king of the Dryopes, and was a famous archer. He founded the town of Oechalia, which he named after his wife.

Laphystium A mountain in Boeotia, about twenty stadia to the north of Coronea, on which Zeus had a temple, whence he was called Laphystius. It was here that Athamas prepared to immolate Phrixus and Hellé, whom Zeus saved by sending a golden ram ( Pausan. ix. 34, & 5 ).

Nireus Son of Charopus and Aglaïa, a native of the island of Symé, near Rhodes, and the handsomest among the Greeks at Troy. He was slain by Aeneas or Eurypylus ( Hom. Il. 671; Diod. v. 53 ).

Aëdon Class. Myth. a daughter of Pandareus who mistakenly killed her son. Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.

Iphianassa Class. Myth. a daughter of Agamemnon, offered to Achilles as a wife if he would return to battle against the Trojans. 2. A daughter of Proetus and Antia who, with her sisters Iphinoë and Lysippe, was inflicted with madness for her irreverence toward the gods.

Eurylochus A companion of Odysseus, and the only one that escaped from the house of Circé when his friends were metamorphosed into swine ( Hom. Od. 203, xi. 23, etc.).

Acidalia A name applied to Aphrodité from the fountain Acidalius, near Orchomenus, where she was wont to bathe with the Graces.

Epimethis A patronymic of Pyrrha, the daughter of Epimetheus ( Ovid, Met. i. 390 ).

Nelides or Neliades Patronymics of Neleus, by which both Nestor, the son of Neleus and Antilochus, his grandson, are designed.

Daedala (1) A town of Caria, near the confines of Lycia and on the northern shore of the Glaucus Sinus. It was said to have derived its name from Daedalus, who, being stung by a snake on crossing the small river Ninus, died and was buried here. (2) A mountain, in the vicinity of the city of the same name and on the confines of Lycia.

Aeetis, Aeetias, Aeëtiné Patronymics applied to Medea ( q. v.), as being the daughter of Aeëtes.

Laïades A patronymic of Oedipus, son of Laïus ( Ovid, Met. vi. 18 ).

Branchus Class. Myth. a son of Apollo, given the power of augury by his father.

Polyidus The son of Coeranus, grandson of Abas, great-grandson of Melampus, father of Euchenor, Astycratia, and Manto; like his ancestor, a celebrated seer, who flourished, according to different accounts, either at Corinth or Argos or Megara. To his sons he prophesied his death before Troy; and the son of Minos, Glaucus ( q. v.), he raised from the dead. At Megara he cleansed Alcathoüs from the murder of his son Calipolis, and erected a temple of Dionysus.

Aregonis The mother of Mopsus ( q. v.) by Ampyx.

Oenopion Son of Dionysus and husband of the nymph Helicé,and father of Meropé, with whom the giant Orion fell in love. See ORION.

Aegaea An adjective applied to Aphrodité as being worshipped in the Aegean Sea.

Leucon (1) The son of Poseidon or Athamas and Themisto, and father of Erythrus and Evippé.

Dionysian adj.1. Dionysiac. 2. Relating to or characteristic of Dionysius or Dionysus.

Byblis [L., fr. Gr. Byblis.] 1. Gr. & Rom. Myth. A nymph who loved her brother Caunus, and vainly pursued him through many lands.

Corniger " Horn-bearing." A surname of Bacchus ( Ovid, Fasti. iii. 481 ), and of Iupiter Ammon, who was worshipped in the form of a ram.

Machaon ( in the Iliad ) a son of Asclepius who was famed as a healer and who served as physician of the Greeks in the Trojan War.

Judement of Paris Class. Myth. the decision by Paris to award Aphrodite the golden apple of discord competed for by Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera.

Polias or Poliuchus Πολχομχς " Protectress of the city." ). A special name of Athené (q. v.) in many cities, but generally at Athens.

Inferi The gods of the nether world, in contradistinction from the Superi, or the gods of heaven. But the word Inferi is also frequently used to designate the dead, and therefore comprises all the inhabitants of the lower world, both the gods  viz., Hades or Pluto, his wife Persephoné ( Proserpina ), the Erinyes or Furies, and also the souls of departed men. See HADES.

Polybus Class. Myth. a Corinthian king who was the foster father of Oedipus.

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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