Wednesday, April 12, 2017

M. E. XL

Fides [L. See FAITH.] Rom. Relig. Faith; goddess of the virtue of good faith; called also || Fides publica ( the Public Faith ), or || Fides populi Romani ( Faith of the Roman People ). Her cult was especially ditrected to honoring the solemn pledge of the right hand. The Dius Fidius was another god of good faith, sometimes regarded as a form of Jupiter.

Levana [LL., fr. levare to raise.] Rom. Relig. The goddess of childbirth, who lifted newborn infants from the ground.

Porsena, Lars A possibly legendary king of the Etruscan Clusium, who conquered Rome after the expulsion of the Tarqun. He is the subject of several legends told by Livy, Tacitus, and Pliny, and of a poem by Macauley.

Calauria [L., fr. Gr. Kalauria.] Gr. Antiq. An island near the coast of Argolis, which according to myth, Poseidon received from Leto in exchange for Delos. It was the center of a religious league in the 7th century B. C.

Antenor [L., fr. Gr. Antēnōr.] 1. A Trojan who, in Homer's Iliad, advises the return of Helen to Menelaus. 2. A Trojan commander in Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde and in Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida. See TROILUS.

Tiberinus [L.] Rom. Myth.  A legendary king of Alba Longa who was drowned in the river Tiber, of which he became the god.

Ara [Gr.] Gr. Myth. A goddess of vengeance or destruction.

Phemonoë [L., fr. Gr. Phēmonoē.] Gr. Myth. The first Pythia and the mythical inventor of hexameter verse.

Cottus [Gr. Kottos.] One of the Hecatocheires.

Musaeus [Gr. Mousaios.] A legendary Greek poet, traditonally connected with Orpheus and with the Eleusinian mysteries.

Jugatinus [LL.] Roman Relig. A god of marriage.

Phyteus [L. Pythias. See PYTHIAN.] The Pythian god, Apollo.

Herse [L., fr. Gr. Hersē.] Gr. Relig. Originally a goddess of the dew, in myth one of the three daughters of Cecrops to whom Athena gave a box. Two of them, Herse and Aglauros, yielding to curiosity opened the box, found a snake within, and threw themselves from the Acropolis.

Theagens and Charicleia [Gr. Theagenēs, Charikleia.]  A pair of lovers in the Ethiopica, a Greek romance by Heliodorus ( ?4th century ). Theagenes, a Thessalian, and Charicleia, an Ethiopian princess ignoranto of her early history and rank, meet in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, and after wonderful adventures finally marry and rule Ethiopia.

Antiope [Gr. Antiopē.] Gr. Myth. 1. A Theban princess, wife of Lycus, and mother by Zeus of Amphion and Zethus, who were left to be brought up by herdsmen. Maltreated by Dirce, whom Lycus had married after dismissing Antiope, she fled and unknowingly took refuge with her sons. Dirce ordered the young men to tie her to the horns of a wild bull, but, discovering that Antiope was their mother, so they treated Dirce instead. 2. An Amazon, sometimes called queen of the Amazons, whom Theseus married. She was the mother of Hippolytus.

Philoctetes [L., fr. Gr. Philoktētēs.] A warrior who, for lighting the pyre of Hercules received as a heritage the hero's invincible bow and arrows. He joined the Greeks against Troy, but was bitten by a serpent, foully infected, and abandonedcat Lemnos. As it was prophesied that Troy could only be conquered by the arrows of Hercules, Diomedes  ( or, in the tragedy of Sophocles, Odysseus and Neoptolemus ) went to fetch him. After his wound had healed and he had slain Paris, Troy fell. His story was treated in tragedies by Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles, of which only that by Sophocles is extant.

Dictynna [L., fr. Gr. Diktynna.] Gr. Relig. A Cretan goddess, protector of hunters and seafarers, sometimes identified with Artemis. Late mythology combined her attributes with those of anothef Cretan goddess, Britomartis, who also came to be called Dictynna.

Idaean adj. [L. Idaeus, fr. Gr. Idaios, fr. Gr. Idē, L. Ida.] Gr. Myth. Pertaining to, or dwelling on, Mt. Ida. One of the two Mt. Idas anciently famous, the one in Crete was connected with Rhea, the other in Asia Minor with Cybele. As these goddesses became confounded, Idaean Mother ( orig, a local form of Cybele ) was appliec now to one, now to the other. Similarly, the Asiatic Idaean Dactyls ( local counterparts of the Corybantes ) were sometimes placed in Crete by classic writers. See GREAT MOTHER.

Typhoeus [Gr. Typhoēus, Typhōs.] Gr. Myth. A monster, according to Hesiod a son of Tartarus and Gaea, or of Hera alone, having a hundred hands with fearful eyes and voices. He begot the unfavorable or dangerous winds and tried to gain the sovereignty of gods and men, but was conquered by Zeus with a thunderbolt and buried under Mt. Etna. Lster he is identufied with Typhon ( which see ).

Fornax [L., furnace, oven. See FURNACE.] 1. Rom. Relig. Goddess of ovens, whose feast, Fornicalia, was held in February one day for the state, on successive days for the different curiae, and on Feb. 17, in the Stultorum feriae ( festival of fools ), for all sho had missed their proper day.

Pelias [L., fr. Gr. Pelias.] Gr. Myth. A king of Iolcus. He sent Jason after the Golden Fleece, and after Jason's return was cut to pieces and boiled by his own daughters, whom Medea had told that he might thus be restored to youth. His son Acastus drove Jason and Medea out of the country. See JASON, 1.; MEDEA.

Typhon [L., fr. Gr. Typhōn. See TYPHOON.] Gr. & Rom. Myth. A monstr, according to Hesod the son of Typhoeus and the father by Echidna of Cerberus, the Chimera, the Sphinx, and other monsters. Later he is identified with Typhoeus Nd by the Greeks with the Egyptian Set.

Asclepiadae [L., fr. Gr. Asclēpiadai.] Gr. & Rom. Antiq. An association of alleged descendants of Asclepius, practicing the art of healing; later, a school of training for physicians.

helmet of Hades A magic helmet worn by Perseus, making him invisible. Cf. TARNHELM.

a-Webster's Inernational Dictionary 2nd Edition, Unabridged 1938

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

M. E. XXXIX

Ausonia [L.] Italy; so called poetically ( as in Vergil's Aeneid, Xuthus. 54 ) from the lands of the non-Latin tribes, the Ausones, of whom Auson, son of Ulysses, was the fabled progenitor. ─ Ausonian.

Dictys The brother of King Polydectes, Dictys rescued Danaë and her son Perseus after they were cast adrift in an ark by Acrisius. Dictys then brought them to his brother, who pressured Danaë to for her favors. After the king sent Perseus to slay Medusa, and pressed his intentions even harder, Danaë and Dictys went into hiding. When Perseus returned with Medusa's head in hand, he turned the king and his allies to stone and established Dictys on the throne.

Trophonian adj. [L. Trophonius, fr. Trophonius, fr. Gr. Trophonios.] Gr. Relig. Of or pertaining to Trophonius, said to have built the first temple of Apollo at Delphi. He was worshiped after death at a celebrated cave in Boeotia, where inquirers went for purificatory and mystic experience giving knowledge of the future world. The oracle was probably under Orphic influence. Trophonius seems to have been originally an earth-god.

Briareus [L., fr. Gr. Briareōs, fr. briaros strong.] Gr. Myth. A monster of a hundred hands, son of Uranus and Gaea, and represented sometimes as an ally of Zeus, as in Homer, or as an enemy of Zeus, punished by being buried under Aetna. Cf. AEGAEON.

Margarelon A Trjan hero of medieval Troy legend. In Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida he is a valiant bastard son of Priam.

Fortunate Islands Gr. & Rom. Myth. Islands of the Blessed; later applied to the Canary and Madeira Islands.

Calliste 1. The personification of the island of Calliste. She was a daughter of the sea god Triton. 2. A surnameof Artemis, by which she was worshiped at Athens and Tegea. ( Paus. i. 29. § 2, viii. 35. § 7.)

Libitina [L.] Rom. Myth. The goddess of corpses and buriels.

Tisamenus 1. A son of Orestes and Hermione, was king of Argos, but was deprived of his kingdom when the Heraclidae invaded Peloponnesus. ( Apollod. ii. 8. § 3 ), and his tomb was afterwords shown at Helice, whence at one time his remains were removed to Sparta by comand of an oracle. ( Paus. vii. 1. § 3.) 2. A son of Thersander and Demonessa, was king of Thebes, and the father of Autesion. ( Paus. iii. 15. § 4, ix. 5. § 8; Herod. iv. 147.)

Auxesia [Gr. Auxēsia.] Gr. Relig. One of two closely related divinities, the other being Damia ( see BONA DEA ), worshiped in Aegina as earth goddesses and helpers in childbirth. They were akin to and sometimes identified with Demeter and Kore.

Melicertes [L., fr. Gr. Melikērtes.] Gr. Myth. A son of Ino who became the sea-god Palaemon.

Helice [L., fr. Gr. Helikē.] Gr. Myth. An Arcadian nymph confused with Callisto, mother by Zeus of the hero Arcas; also, a Cretan nymph, one of the nurses of the infant Zeus. It was told of each that she ws placed in the heavens as the constellation of the Great Bear.

Earthshaker Translation of Greek Enosichthon, an epithet of Zeus and, esp., Poseidon.

Demodocus [L., fr. Gr. Dēmodokos.] 1. In Homer's Odyssey, the bard of Alcinoüs, king of the Phaeacians, whose songs charmed Odysseus. 2. In Vergil's Aeneid, a Trojan chief, friend of Aeneas.

Alectryon [Gr. alektryōn cock.] 1. Gr. Myth. A youth changed by Ares into a cock. Hence, Poetic, a cock.

Thalestris [Gr. Thalēstris.] An Amazon who figures in mythical stories, chiefly medieval, of Alexander the Great.

Pales [L.] Rom. Relig. God or goddess of shepherds and herdsmen. The festival ( Parilia or Palilia ) of this deity, celebrated on April 21, was the occasion of the lustration of the herds, and it included the building of the bonfires ( cf. NEEDFIRE, 1) ovef which men jumped and through which the herds were driven. Latr the Parilia were celebrated as the anniversary of the founding of Rome, probably from confusion of Pales with Palatua, the tutelary deity of the Palatine.

Ogyges Also Ogygos [Gr. ŌgygēsŌgygos.] Gr. Myth. A legendary king of Boeotia or Attica, in whose reign a destructive flood took place.

Triteia A daughter of Triton, a priestess of Athena, by whom Ares became the father of Melanippus, who gave a town in Achaea the name of his mother. Sacrifices were offered there to Ares and Tritaea in the temple of Athena. ( Paus. viii. 22. § 5, &c.)

Uranidae [Gr. Ouranidai.] Gr. Myth. Descendants of Uranus.

Corycian Cave, the A cave on Mount Parnassus, sacred to Pan and the nymphs.

Adranus [L., fr. Gr. Adranos.] Gr. Relig. A god of the Siculi in Sicily, similar in attributes to Hephaestus.

Hecatoncheires [Gr. hekatoncheires, fr. hekaton + cheires hands.] Gr. Myth. Three hundred-handed giants, Briareus, Cottus, and Gyges.

Deus Fidius [L. See FIDES.] Rom. Relig. Jupiter, as invoked in oaths.

Ucalegon [L. Ucalegon, fr. Gr. Oukalegōn.] In Trojan legend, one of the ancient counselors who sat with Priam on the wall. Aeneas speaks of the flamed reaching Ucalegon's house, next to that of Anchises, before he fled from the city. Hence, a next-doir neighbor, or a neighbor whose house is on fire.

Peneus [L., fr. Gr. Pēneios.] Gr. Myth. God of the Thessalian river Peneus, and father of Daphne.

Britomartis [L. Britomartis, fr. Gr. Britomartis.] 1. A Cretan goddess, patron of hunters, and sailors, and sometimex identified with Artemis; called also Dictynna. 2. In Spenser's Faerie Queene, a lady knight, representing Chastity. She marries Artegal, or Justice.

Tyndarides [L., fr. Gr. Tyndaridēs.] A male descendant, or a child, of Tyndareus.

Mopsus [L., fr. Gr. Mopsos.] Gr. Myth. A seer, one of the Lapithae. He took part in the battle of the Centaurs and Lapithae, the Calydonian boar hunt, and the Argonautic expedition. b A seer, the son of Apollo and Manto, daughter of Tiresias. He defeated Calchas in a prophecy contest.

Cymodoce [L., fr. Gr. Kymodokē.] Gr. Myth. One of the Nereids. The Garden of Cymodoce, in a piem by Swinburne, is the island of Sark.

Tarquin In Roman legend, oneo a family to which belonged the fifth king ( Lucius Tarquinius Priscus ) and the seventh king ( L. Tarquinius Superbus ). In consequence of the misdeed of Sextus, son of the latter, the family was expelled from Rome. Cf. LUCRECE, 2.

a-Webster's Inernational Dictionary 2nd Edition, Unabridged 1938

Friday, March 4, 2016

M.E. XXXVIII

Entoria The daughter of a Roman countryman. Saturn ( Cronos ) who was once hospitably received by him, became, by his fair daughter, the father of four sons, Janus, Hymnus, Faustus, and Felix. Saturn taught the father of the cultivation of the vine and the preparation of wine, enjoining him to teach his neighbours the same. This was done accordingly, but the country people, who became intoxicated with their new drink, thought it to be a poison, and stoned their neighbour to death, whereupon his sons hung themselves in their grief. At a much later time, when the Romans were visited by a plague, they were told by the Delphic oracle, that the plague was a punishment for the outrage of Entoria's father and Lutatius Catulus caused a temple to be erected to Saturn on the Tarpeian rock, and in it an altar with four faces. (Plut. Parall. Gr. et Rom. 9.)

Felix A son of Saturn and Entoria. [See ENTORIA.]

Machaereus I. e. the swordsman. a son of Daetas of Delphi, who is said to have slain Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, in a quarrel about the sacrificial meat at Delphi. ( Strab. ix. p. 421; Pind. Nem. vii. 62, with the scholiast.)

Deidamia 1. A daughter of Bellerophontes and wife of Evander, by whom she became the mother of Sarpedon. ( Diod. v. 79.) Homer ( Il. vi. 197 ) calls her Laodamia. 2. A daughter of Lycomedes in the island of Scyros. When Achilles was concealed there in maiden's attire, Deïdamia became by him the mother of Pyrrhus or Neoptolemus, and, according to other, of Oneirus also. ( Apollod. iii. 13. § 7; Ptolem. Hteph. 3.) 3. The wife of Pirithous, who is commonly called Hippodamia. ( Plut. Thes. 30; comp. HIPPODAMIA.)

Faustus A son of Saturn and Entoria. [See ENTORIA.]

Toxeus A son of Oeneus and Althaea, was killed by Meleager. ( Apollod. i. 8. § 1; Anton. Lib. 2; comp. OENEUS.)

Aba A Thracian nymph, the mother of Ergiscus by Poseidon. ( Suidas s.v. Ergisce.)

Sebrus A son of Hippocoon, was worshipped as a hero at Sparta, where he had an heroum called Sebrium. ( Paus. iii. 15. § 1; comp. DORCEUS.)

Glaucomone One of the daughters of Nereus. ( Hes. Theog. 256; Apollod. 1. 2. § 7.)

Nacole The eponymous nymph of the town of Nacoleia in Phrygia.

Ergiscus A son of Poseidon and the nymph Aba for whom the town of Ergisca in Thrace was named. ( Suidas. s.v. Ergisce.)

Dorceus A son of Hippocoon, who had a heroum at Sparta conjointly with his brother Sebrus. The well near the sanctuary was called Dorceia and the place around it Sebrion. ( Paus. iii. 15 § 2.) It is probable that Dorceus is the same personage as the Dorcyleus in Apollodorus ( iii. 10. § 5 ), where his brother is called Tebrus.

Calybe 1. A nymph by whom Laomedon became the father of Bucolion ( Hom. Il. vi. 23; Apollod. iii. 12. § 3 ) 2. A priestess of Juno. ( Virg. Aen. vii. 419.)

Penthilus 1. A son of Orestes and Erigone, is said to have led a colony of Aeolians to Thrace. He was the father of Echetalus and Damasias. ( Paus. ii. 18. § 5, iii. 2. § 1, v. 4, § 2, vii. 6. § 2; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 1374; Strab. xiii. p. 582; Aristot. Polit. v. 8, 13.) 2. There was also a son of Periclymenus of this name. ( Paus. ii. 18. § 7.)

Tegyrius A Thracian king who received Eumolpus and his son Ismarus, and gave to the former his kingdom. ( Apollod. iii. 15. § 4; comp. EUMOLPUS.)

Oebalus 1. A son of Cynortas, and husband of Gorgophone, by whom he became the father of Tyndareus, Peirene, and Arene, was king of Sparta, where he was afterwords honoured with an heroum ( Paus. iii. 1. § 3, 15. § 7, ii. 2. § 3, iv. 2. §  3 ). According to others he was a son of Perieres and a grandson of Cynortas, and was married to the nymph Batea, by whom he had several children ( Apollod. iii. 10. § 4; Schol. ad Eurip Orest. 447 ). The patronymic Oebalides is not only applied to his descendants, but to the Spartans generally, and hence it occurs as an epithet or surname of Hyacinthus, Castor, Pollux and Helena ( Ov. Ib. 590, Fast. v. 705. Her. xvi. 126.) 2. A son of Telon by a nymph of the stream Sbethus near Naples. Telon, originally a king of the Teleboans, had come from the island of Taphos to Capreae, in Italy; and Oebalus settled in Campania. ( Virg. Aea. vii. 734, with Serv. note.)

Abarbarea 1. A Naiad, who bore two sons, Aesepus and Pedasus, to Bucolion, the eldest but illegitimate son of the Trojan King Laomedon. ( Hom. Il. vi. 22, &c.) Other writers do not mention this nymph, but Hesychius ( s.v.) mentions Abarbareai or Abarbaraiai as the name of a class of nymphs.

Periphas 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus. ( Apollod. ii. 1. § 5.) 2. A son of Oeneus. ( Anton. Lib. 2; comp. TOXEUS.) 3. A son of Lapithes in Thessaly. ( Diod. iv. 69, v. 61; comp. LAPITHES.) 4. One of the Lapithae. ( Ov. Met. xii. 449.) 5. An Attic autochthon previous to the time of Cecrops, was a priest of Apollo, and on account of his virtues he was made king; but as he was honoured to the same extent as Zeus, the latter wished to destroy him. At the request of Apollo, however, Zeus metamorphosed him into an eagle, and his wife likewise into a bird. ( Anton. Lib. 6; Ov. Met. vii. 400.) 6. A son of the Aetolian Ochesius, fell by the hand of Ares in the Trojan War. ( Hom. Il. v. 842.) 7. A son of Epytus, and a herald of Aeneas. ( Hom. Il. xvii. 323.) 8. A Greek who took part in the destruction of Troy. ( Virg. Aen. ii. 476.)

Nana A daughter of the river Sangarius who gave birth to Atys after being impregnated by an almond which fell from a tree grown from the genitals of Agdistis. [See ATYS.]

Zarex A hero who was believed to have been instructed in music by Apollo, and had an heroum near Eleusis. Pausanias ( i. 38. § 4 ) takes him to be a Laconian hero, and the founder of the town of Zarex in Laconia. The scholiast on Lycophron ( 500 ) describes him as a son of Carystus or Carycus, as a grandson of Chiron, and as the father of Anius by Rhoeo.

Tecmessa The daughter of the Phrygian king Teleutas, whose territory was ravaged by the Greeks during a predatory excursion from Troy. Tecmessa was made prisoner, and was given to Ajax, the son of Telamon, who lived with her as his wife, and had by her a son, Eurysaces. ( Soph. Ajax. ad Hom. Il. i. 138.)

Epytus A Trojan, who clung to Aeneas in the night, when Troy was destroyed. He was the father of Periphas, who was a companion of Julus, and who is called by the patronymic Epytides. ( Virg. Aen. ii. 340, v. 547, 579; Hom. Il. xvii. 323.)

Alba Silvius One of the mythical kings of Alba, said to have been the son of Latinus, and the father of Atys, according to Livy, and of Capetus, according to Dionysius. He reigned thirty-nine years. ( Liv. i. 3; Dionys. i. 71.)

Marica A Latin nymph who was worshipped at Minturnae, and to whom a grove was sacred on the river Liris. She was said to be the mother of Latinus by Faunus. ( Virg. Aen. vii. 47.) Servius ( ad Aen. l. c. and xii. 164 ) remarks that some considered her to be identical with Aphrodite and others with Circe.

Sabus A Sabine hero, son of Sancus. [See SANCUS.]

Feretrius A surname of the god Jupiter. [See JUPITER.]

Otia The Roman personification of leisure and ease, a companion of the god Somnus.

Numitor The father of Rhea Silvia and grandfather of Romulus and Remus. [ See ROMULUS.]

Acron The king of Caenina slain by Romulus. [See ROMULUS.]

Venti The god of the winds, Roman counterparts of the Greek Anemi [See ANEMI]. In the Museum Pio Clementinum there exists a marble monument upon which the winds are described with their Greek and Latin names, viz., Septentrio ( Aparctias ), Eurus ( Euros, or southeast), and between these two Aquilo ( Boreas), Vulturnus ( Caicias) and Solanus ( Apheliates). Between Eurus and Notus ( Notos) there is only one, the Euroauster ( Euronotus); between Favonius ( Zephyrus) are marked Austro-Africus ( Libonotus), and Africus ( Lips); and between Favonius and Septentrio we find Chrus ( Iapyx) and Circius ( Thracius). The winds were represented by poets and artists in different ways; the latter usually represented with winds at their heads and shoulders ( Ov. Met. i. 264, &c.; Philostr. Icon. i. 24).

Iolaus [L., fr. Gr. Iolaos.] Gr. Myth. A Boeotian hero whose cult was supplanted by that of Hercules. In classic myth he is the friend, companion, and sometimes the charioteer of Hercules.

Abaris [Gr.] Gr. Myth. A Hyperborean sage said to have traveled upon an arrow given him by Apollo, and to have lived without food.

Epigonus [L., fr. Gr. epigonus, fr. epi after + root of gignesthai to be torn.] 1. Gr. Myth. One of the sons of the seven heroes who were beaten before Thebes ( see SEVEN AGAINST THEBES ). Thirty years after their father's defeat, with Alcmaeon as leader, they conquered and destroyed the city.

Idas [L., fr. Gr. Idas.] In Greek legend, a hero, son of Aphareus, and the inseperable companion of his brother Lynceus. He won the nymph Marpessa when Apollo wooed her. Idas and Lynceus took part in the Calydonian boar hunt and the Argonautic expedition. In a quarrel with their cousins Castor and Pollux, Idas killed Castor, Pollux slew Lynceus, and Idas was killed by Zeus.

Erichthonius [L., fr. Gr. Erichthonios.] Gr. Myth. 1. An Athenian hero, generally the same as Erechtheus, but by some classic writers made an ancestor of Erechtheus. Cf. HERSE.  2. A son of Dardanus and father of Tros, in the royal line of Troy.

Peisander 1. A son of Maemalus, a Myrmidon, and  one of the warriors of Achilles. ( Hom. Il. xvi. 193.) 2. A son of Polyctor, and one of the suitors of Penelope. ( Hom. Od. xviii. 298, &c xxii. 268; Ov. Her. i. 91.)

Abderus A son of Hermes, or according to others of Poseidon and Thronia or Thromius the Locrian. ( Apollod. ii. 5.§ 8; Pind. Paean 2; Strab. vii. p. 331.) He was a favourite of Heracles, and was torn to pieces by the mares of Diomedes, which Heracles had given him to pursue the Bistones. Heracles is said to have built the town of Abdera to honour him. According to Hyginus, ( Fab. 30,) Abderus was a servant of Diomedes, the king of the Thracian-Bistones, and was killed by Heracles together with his master and his four men-devouring horses. (Compare Philostrat. Heroic. 3.§ 1. ; 19, 2.)

Enyalius [L., fr. Gr. Enyalios.] Gr. Myth. A god of war, in Homer identified with Ares.

Maemactes I. e. the stormy, a surname of Zeus, from which the name of the Attic month Maemacterion was derived. In that month the Maemacteria was celebrated at Athens. ( Plut. de Ir. cohib. 9.)

Sida 1. The wife of Orion, who was sent by Hera into Hades, because she pretended to be more beautiful than the goddess. ( Apollod. i. 4.§ 3.) 2. A daughter of Danaus, from whom a town of Laconia was believed to have derived its name. ( Paus. iii. 22.§ 9.)

Odites The name of two mythical beings, one a centaur, and the other an Ethiopian, who was slain by Clymenus at the wedding of Perseus. ( Ov. Met. xii. 457, v. 97.)

Albunea A prophetic nymph or Sibyl, to whom in the neighbourhood of  Tibur a grove was consecrated, with a well and a temple. Near it was the oracle of Faunus Fatidicus. ( Virg. Aen. vii. 81, &c.; Hor. Carm. i. 7. 12; Tibull. ii. 5. 69.) Lactantius ( De Sibyll. i. 6) states, that the tenth Sibyl, called Albunea, was worshipped at Tibur, and that her image, holding a book in one hand, was found in the bed of the river Anio. Her series or oracles, which belonged to the libri fatales were, at the command of the senate, deposited and kept in the Capitol. The small square temple of this Sibyl is still extant at Tivoli.

Malevolus " The Ill-Willed," a surname of Mercury. [See MERCURIUS.]

Acerbas [L.] Rom. Myth. A Tyrian noble, husband of Elissa ( Dido ).

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Wednesday, March 4, 2015

M. E. XXXVII

Erigone [L., fr. Gr. Ērigonē.] Gr. Myth. Daughter of Icarus, eponymous hero of the Attic deme Icaria. In grief at the murder of her father she hanged herself.

Asterion 1. A son of Teutamus, and king of the Cretans, who married Europa after she had been carried to Crete by Zeus. He also brought up the three sons, Minos, Sarpedon, and Rhadamanthys whom she had by the father of the gods. ( Apollod. iii. 1. § 2, &c.; Diod. iv. 60.) 2. A son of Cometes, Pyremus, or Priscus, by Antigone, the daughter of Pheres. He is mentioned as one of the Argonauts. ( Apollon. Rhod. i. 35; Paus. v. 17. § 4; Hygin. Fab. 14; Valer. Flacc. i. 355.) 3. A river-god [ see ACRAEA]. 4. A son of Minos, who was slain by Theseus. ( Paus. ii. 31. § 1.)

Palinurus [L., fr. Gr. Palinouros.] 1. In Vergil's Aeneid, Aeneas's pilot, who fell asleep at the helm, and tumbled into the sea off the coast of Lucania, where he he was murdered by the natives. From him is said to be derived the name of Cape Palinurus, near the spot.

Callirhoë [L., fr. Gr. Kallirhoē, fr. kallirrhoos, kalliroos, beautiful-flowing, fr. kalli- beautiful + rhein to flow.] 1. Gr. Myth. a The wife of Alcmaeon and the cause of his death through her covetous wish to possess the famed necklace of Harmonia. b An ocean nymph, wife of Chrysaor.

Agoraios [Gr., fr. agora market place.] Gr. Relig. Hermes, as god of the market place and of trade.

Taras A son of Poseidon by a nymph, is said to have traversed the sea from the promontory of Taenarum to the south of Italy, riding on a dolphin, and to have founded Tarentum in Italy ( Paus. x. 10.§ 4, 13. § 5 ), where he was worshipped as a hero. ( Strab. vi. p. 279.)

Rhene 1. A nymph of the island of Samothrace, the mother of Saon by Hermes. 2. The mother of Medon by Oileus. [ See OILEUS, No. 2.]

Taphius A son of Poseidon and Hippothoë, was the father of Pterelaus. He led a colony to Taphos, and called the inhabitants Teleboans. ( Apollod. ii. 4. § 5.).

Narcaeus A son of Dionysus and Narcaea, established a sanctuary of Athena Narcaea in Elis, and also introduced there the worship of Dionysus. ( Paus. v. 16. § 5.).

Xenodice 1. A daughter of Minos and Pasiphaë. ( Apollod. iii. 1. § 2.) 2. A daughter of Syleus, at Aulis, was slain by Heracles, together with her. ( Apollod. ii. 6. § 3.) 3. A captive Trojan woman. ( Paus. x. 26. § 1.)

Camarina An Oceanid nymph, the eponym of the Sicilian town of Camarina.

Pleuron A son of Aetolus and Pronoe, and brother of Calydon, was married to Xanthippe, by whom he became the father of Agenor, Sterope, Stratonice, and Laophone. He is said to have founded the town of Pleuron in Aetolia, but he had a heroum at Sparta. ( Apollod. i. 7. § 7; Paus. iii. 13. § 5.)

Iaeira 1. One of the daughters of Nereus and Doris ( Hom. Il. xviii. 42; Hygin. Fab. Praefat.) 2. Another person of this name occurs in Virg. Aen. ix. 673.

Targitaus A son of Zeus by a daughter of Borysthenes, was believed to be the ancestor of all the Scythians. ( Herod. iv. 5.)

Isander A son of Bellerophon, killed by Ares in the fight with the Solymi. ( Hom. Il. vi. 197; Strab. xii. p. 573, xiii. p. 630 )

Boebus A son of Glaphyrus, from whom the Thessalian town of Boebe derived its name. ( Steph. Byz. s. v. Boibê.)

Damasen A Lydian giant who slew a dragon. He was a son of Gaea.

Xenodamas A son of Menelaus and the nymph Cnossia.

Caieta According to some accounts, the nurse of Aeneas ( Virg. Aen. vii. 1; Ov. Met. xiv. 442 ), and, according to others, the nurse of Creusa or Ascanius. ( Serv. ad Aen. 1. c.) The promontory of Caieta, as well as the port and town of this name on the western coast of Italy, were believed to have been called after her. ( Klausen, Aeneas u. d.  Penat. p. 1044, &c.)

Upis 1. A surname of Artemis, as the goddess assisting women in child-birth ( Callim. Hymn. in Dian. 240.) 2. The name of a mythical being said to have reared Artemis ( Schol. ad Callim. l. c.), and who is mentioned by Virgil as one of the nymphs in her train. ( Aen. xi. 532.) The masculine Upis is mentioned by Cicero ( De Nat. Deor. iii. 23 ), as the father of Artemis. 3. A Hyperborean maiden, who together with Arge carried an offspring, which had been vowed for the birth of Apollo and Artemis, to Ilithyia, at Delos. ( Herod. iv. 35.). 4. A surname of Nemesis at Rhamnus. ( Paus. i. 33. § 2.)

Scaeus One of the sons of Hippocoon. ( Paus. iii. 14. § 7; Herod. v. 60; Apollod. iii. 10. § 5; comp. HIPPOCOON.)

Deiopea A fair Lydian nymph, who belonged to the suite of Hera, and whom she promised as a reward to Aeolus if he would assist her in destroying the fleet of Aeneas. ( Virg. Aen. 1. 72.)

Anthracia An Arcadian nymph, one of the nurses of Zeus. [ See MYRTOESSA.]

Caanthus A son of Oceanus and brother of Melia. He was sent by his father in search of his sister who had been carried off, and when he found that she was in the possession of Apollo, and that it was impossible to rescue her from his hands, he threw fire into the sacred grove of Apollo, called the Ismenium. The god then killed Caanthus with an arrow. His tomb was shown by the Thebans on the spot where he had been killed, near the river Ismenius. ( Paus. ix. 10. § 5.)

Rhanis A nymph in the train of the goddess Artemis.

Hebrus A Thracian river-god. [ See ABARIS.]

Gelanor King of Argos, who was expelled by Danaus. ( Paus. ii. 16. § 1, 19. § 2, &c., Apollod. ii. 1. § 4; compare DANAUS.)

Astacus 1. A son of Poseidon and the nymph Olbia, from whom the town of Astacus in Bithynia, which was afterwords called Nicomedia, derived its name. ( Arrian. ap. Steph. Byz. s. v.; Paus. v. 12. § 5; Strab. xii. p. 563.)

Echephron 1. A son of Heracles and Psophis, the daughter of Xanthus or Eryx. He was twin-brother of Promachus, and both had a heroum at Psophis. ( Paus. viii. 24. § § 1, 3.) 2. A son of Nestor by Eurydice or Anaxibia. ( Hom. Od. iii. 413; Apollod. i. 9. § 9.) 3. A third Echephron is mentioned in Apollodorus. ( iii. 12. § 5.)

Azeus A son of Clymenus of Orchomenos, was brother of Erginus, Stratius, Arrhon, and Pyleus, father of Actor and grandfather of Astyoche. ( Hom. Il. ii. 513; Paus. ix. 37. § 2.) He went with his brothers under the command of Erginus, the eldest, against Thebes, to take vengeance for the murder of his father, who had been slain by the Thebans at a festival of the Onchestian Poseidon. [ See ERGINUS and CLYMENUS.]

Bura A daughter of Ion, the ancestral hero of the Ionians, and Helice, from whom the Achaean town of Bura derived its name. ( Paus. vii. 25. § 5; Steph. Byz. s. v.)

Maeandrus A son of Oceanus and Tethys, and the god of the winding river Maeander in Phrygia. He was the father of Cyanea and Caunus, who is hence called Maeandrius. ( Hes. Theog. 339; Ov. Met. ix. 450, 473.)

Neda An Arcadian nymph, from whom the river Neda and also a town ( Steph. Byz. s. v. ) derived its name. She was believed, conjointly with Theisoa and Hagno, to have nursed the infant Zeus ( Callim. Hymn. in Jov. 38; Paus. viii. 38. § 3 ). In a Messenian tradition Neda and Ithome were called nurses of Zeus ( Paus. iv. 33. § 2 ). She was represented at Athens in the temple of Athena. ( Paus. viii. 47. § 2.)

Illissus The god of an Athenian stream.

Phoetius A giant who battled Hera in the war of the Gigantes.

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Saturday, August 9, 2014

M. E. XXXVI

Anxurus an Italian divinity, who was worshipped in a grove near Anxur ( Terracina ) together with Feronia. He was regarded as a youthful Jupiter and Feronia as Juno. ( Serv. ad. Aen. 7. 799.) On coins his name appears as Axur or Anxur. ( Drakenborch, ad. Sil. Ital. 8. 392; Morell. Thesaur. Num. ii. tab. 2.)

Thrasius 1. A soothsayer who is also called Phrasius. ( Hygin. Fab. 56; Ov. Art. Am. 1. 649 A; Apollod. 2. 5. 11.). 2. A Trojan who was killed by Achilles. ( Hom. Il. xx 210.)

Macedon a son of Zeus and Thyia, and a brother of Magnes, from whom Macedonia was believed to have derived its name. ( Steph. Byz. s. v. Μακεδονία.)

Thoon 1. One of the Gigantes, was killed by the Moerae. ( Apollod. i. 6 § 2.). 2. A Trojan who was killed by Odysseus. ( Hom. Il. xi. 422.) 3. A son of Phaenops, who, with his brother Xanthus, was slain by Diomedes. ( Hom. Il. v. 152.). 4. A Phaeacian of this name occurs in the Odyssey ( viii. 113 ).

Chrysomallus The golden-fleece ram of Phrixus. [See THEOPHANE and PHRIXUS.]

Axius a Paeonian river-god, who begot by Periboea a son, Pelagon, the father of Asteropaeus. ( Hom. Il. xxi. 141, with the note of Eustath; see ASTEROPAEUS.)

Baubo [Gr. Baubō.] Gr. Relig. A goddess of a phallic cult, especially worshiped in Paros, and prominent in Orphic legend. In myth she is an Eleusinian slave woman ( called also Iambe ), who seeks by her jests to cheer the sorrow ingredients Demeter. In the allegory of Goethe's Faust ( Part II ) She symbolizes sensuality.

Daphnis [L., fr. Gr. Daphnis.] Gr. Myth. A Sicilian shepherd who was regarded as the inventor of bucolic poetry. According to one version of his story, he was the son of Hermes. When a naiad, to whom he was faithless, punished him with blindness, Hermes translated him into heaven. Hence, a shepherd or rustic.

Echius Two mythical personages of this name occur in the Iliad; the one a Greek and a son of Mecisteus, was slain by Polites ( 8. 333, 15. 339 ), and the other, a Trojan, was slain by Patroclus. ( 16. 416.)

Azorus according to Hesychius ( s. v.), the helmsman of the ship Argo, who is said to have built the Pelagonian town of Azoros. ( Steph. Byz. s. v.)

Rhexenor two mythical personages, one the father of Chalciope, and  the second a son of Nausithous the king of the Phaeacians, and accordingly a brother of Alcinous. ( Apollod. 3. 15. 6; Hom. Od. 7. 64, &c.)

Azan a son of Arcas and the nymph Erato, was the brother of Apheidas and Elatus, and father of Cleitor. The part of Arcadia which he received from his father was called, after him, Azania. After his death, funeral games, which were believed to have been the first in Greece, were celebrated in his honour. ( Paus. 8. 4. § § 2, 3, 5. 1.6; Steph. Byz. s. v. Ἀζάνια )

Hagno an Arcadian nymph, who is said to have brought up Zeus. On Mount Lycaeus in Arcadia there was a well sacred to and named after her. When the country was suffering from drought, the priest of Zeus Lycaeus, after having offered up prayers and sacrifices, touched the surface of the well with the branch of an oak, whereupon clouds were formed immediately which refreshed the country with rain. The nymph Hagno was represented at Megapolis carrying in one hand a pitcher and in the other a patera. ( Paus. 8. 38. 3, 31. 2, 47. 2.)

Lacinius 1. An Italian hero and fabulous robber, by whom Heracles, on his expedition in Italy, is said to have been robbed of some of the oxen of Geryones, and who was killed by the hero in consequence. After the place of the murder was purified Heracles built a temple to Hera ( Juno ), surnamed Lacinia. ( Diod. iv. 24; Serv. ad Aen. iii. 552.)

Mulciber [L.] Rom. Relig. An epithet of Vulcan.

Phobos [Gr.] Gr. Relig. A goddess who was the personification of panic fear which overcame armies and puts them to flight.

Aegaeon [L. Aegaeon, fr. Gr. Aigaiōn.] Gr. Relig. The name given to "him who the gods call Briareus." See BRIAREUS.

Aollius The son of Romulus and Hersilia. [See HERSILIA.]

Otrera a daughter or wife of Ares who is said to have built the temple of Artemis at Ephesus. ( Hygin. Fub. 225; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. 1.1033.)

Xanthippus 1. One of the sons of Melas, who revolted against Oeneus, and were slain by Tydeus. ( Apollod. 1. 85.) 2. A son of Deïphontes. ( Paus. ii. 28. § 3.) 3. A hero who had a heroin at Daulia, in Phocis. ( Paus. x. 4. § 2.).

Melas 1. A son of Poseidon by nymph of Chios, and brother of Angelus ( Paus. 7. 4. 6.) 2. One of the Tyrrhenian pirates mentioned under MELANTHUS No. 1. 3. A son of Phrixus and Chalciope, was married to Eurycleia, by whom he became the father of Hyperes. ( Apollod. i. 9. § 1; Apollon. Rhod. ii. 1158; Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. iv. 221.)   4. A son of Porthaon and Euryte, and brother of Oeneus. ( Hor. Il. xiv. 117; Apollod. i. 7 § 10; comp. OENEUS and TYDEUS. ) 5. A son of Antassus, at Gonusa, near Sicyon. He joined the Dorians on their march against Corinth. His services were at first declined, but he was afterwords allowed to fight in the ranks of the Dorians. He was the ancestor of the family of Cypselus. ( Paus. ii. 4. § 4, v. 18 § 7, 20, in fill.) 6. There are three other mythical personages of this name. ( Paus. vii. 4. § 6, viii. 28 § 3; Apollod. ii. 7. § 7.)

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Monday, January 13, 2014

M. E. XXXV

Campe a monster which guarded the Cyclopes in Tartarus, was killed by Jupiter ( Zeus ) when he wanted the assistance of the Cyclopes against the Titans.

Cercopes [L., fr. Gr. Kerkopēs.] Gr. Myth. Thievish dwarves captured by Hercules.

Alastor [L., fr. Gr. Alastōr, fr. a- not + lathesthai to forget.] 1. Gr. Relig. a An epithet of Zeus and of other gods as avenging spirits. b An avenging deity; also, an avenging spirit of one who has been murdered. 2. In medieval demonology, vengeance personified. 3. Title of a poem by Shelley ( 1816 ).

Meilichios adj. Epithet of Zeus. See ZEUS.

Venulus a Latin chieftain ( according to Servius, originally from Argos ), sent by Turnus to Diomedes to persuade him to lend aid against Aeneas and the Trojans: he was subsequently captured by Tarchon, and carried off the field after a fierce struggle.

Acca a companion of the Volscian heroine Camilla.

Polycaste A sister of Daedalus whose son, Talos, was killed by his uncle. When Polycaste heard about her son's death she hanged herself. According to some versions, her soul was eventually responsible for avenging Talos's death by causing that of Daedalus's son, Icarus.

Autesion A son of Tisamenus, grandson of Thersander, and great-grandson of Polyneices. He is called the father of Theras and Argeia, by the latter of whom Aristodamus became the father of Eurystheus and Process. He was a native of Thebes, where he had succeeded his father as king, but at the command of an oracle he went to Peloponnesus and joined the Dorians. (  Apollod. ii. 8. § 2; Paus. iii. 15. § 4, 3. § 3, ix. 5 8; Herod. iv. 147, vi. 52; Strab. viii. p. 347.)

Crocon The husband of Saesara and father of Meganeira.( Apollod. iii. 9. § 1; Paus. i 38. § 2; comp. ARCAS.)

Hersilia the wife of Romulus, was the only married woman carried off by the Romans in the rape of the Sabine maidens. As Romulus after death became Quirinus, so Hersilia his wife became a goddess, Hora or Horta. Some writers, however, made Hersilia the wife of Hostus, grandson of Tullus Hostilius.

Antevorta also called Porrima or Prorsa, together with Postvorta, are described as the two sisters or companions of the Roman goddess Carmenta; but originally they were two attributes of the one goddess Carmenta.

Prothoanor a son of Areilycus, was one of the leaders of the Boeotians against Troy, where he was slain by Polydamas ( Hom. Il. ii. 495, xiv. 450, &c. )

Ocalea a daughter of Mantineus, and wife of Abas, by whom she became the mother of Acrisius and Proetus.  ( Apollod. ii. 2 § 1.) The Scholiast of Euripides ( Orest. 953 ) calls her Aglaia.

Polyphonte A daughter of Hipponous, king of the Triballi, and Thrassa. She was a companion of the goddess Artemis who scorned Aphrodite and was cursed to fall in love with a bear. She bore the creature two gigantic son Agrius and Orius and was later transformed into an owl. ( Ant. Lib. 21.)

Talthybius [L., fr. Gr. Talthybios.] The herald of Agamemnon at Troy.

Aiantis [Gr.] Gr. Relig. An epithet of Athena at Megara.

Cyllaros [L., fr. Gr. Kyllaros.] The horse of Castor.

Plexippus 1. A son of Thestius, and brother of Althaea, was killed by Meleager. ( Apollod. iii. 15 § 3; Schol. ad Soph. Anitg. 980.) 2. One of the sons of Aegytus ( Hygin. Fab. 170.)

Academus [L., fr. Gr. Akadēmos.] Gr. Myth. A hero who told Castor and Pollux where Theseus had hidden Helen.

Servius Tullius the legendary sixth king of ancient Rome who built the city walls and whose accession to the throne was prophesied by and secured with the help of Tanaquil, the widow of the previous king: assassinated by his daughter Tullia and her husband Tarquin.

Tanaquil a legendary queen of Rome who prophesied the future greatness of Servius Tullius and helped him to gain the throne after the murder of her husband by a political faction.

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Wednesday, October 23, 2013

M. E. XXXIV

Furina An early Latin goddess, whose name in the time of Varro, was known to very few ( Varr. L. L. v. 3 ). There was a sacred grove of this goddess beyond the Tiber ( in which Gaius Gracchus was slain ), and this, with the similitude of the name, led Cicero and others to identify Furina with the Furies ( Cic. N. D. iii. 18 ). The Furinalia were celebrated on the 25th of July.

Acoetes A sailor saved by Bacchus for having espoused the cause of the god when the rest of the crew desired to sell him as a slave. The legend will be found narrated under the title DIONYSUS.

Myrtilus [L., fr. Gr. Myrtilos.] Gr. Myth. The charioteer of Oenomaus ( See HIPPODAMIA ). He was slain by Pelops, laying a curse upon the latter's house.

Protogonos [Gr. prōtogonos firstborn.] Gr. Relig. A form assumed by Eros in Orphism, conceived as generator of the universe.

Aestas [L. See ESTIVAL.] Rom. Relig. A goddess, personification of summer.

Arges [Gr. Argēs, lit., bright.] Gr. Myth. One of the Cyclops.

Chrysippus (1) A son of Pelops, carried off by Laius ( Apollod. iii. 5, 6 ). This circumstance became a theme with many ancient writers, and hence the story assumed different shapes, according to the fancy of those who handled it. The death of Chrysippus was also related in different. According to the common account, he was slain by Atreus, at the instigation of his step-mother, Hippodamia. ( Consult Heyne ad loc.).

Zagreus In Greek mythology, a son of Zeus and Persephone slain by the Titans and revived as Dionysus. See ORPHIC MYSTERIES.

Auxo Class. Myth. one of the Graces.

Cyllenian adj. [L. Cyllenius, fr. Gr. Kyllēnios.] Of or pertaining to Mount Cyllene, in Arcadia, the fabled birthplace of Hermes, who was hence called Cyllenius; also, of or pertaining to Hermes, th god of commerce, thieving, lying, etc.,; as, Cyllenian art, thievery.

Pasithea Class. Myth. one of the Graces.

Keres In Greek mythology, malignant spirits and bringers of evil.  [ < Gk. Kēres ]

Aeolus  [L., fr. Gr. Aiolos.Class. Myth. In the Odyssey, the ruler of "the Aeolian isle," Having dominion over the winds; later, as in the Aeneid, the god of the winds, which he kept confined in caves or released at the bidding of Jove. A king of Thessaly, founder of the Aeolians branch of the Greeks.

Cabiri a group of gods, probably of Eastern origin, worshiped in mysteries in various parts of ancient Greece, the cult centers being at Samothrace and Thebes. Also, Cabeiri, Kabeiri. ― Cabirean, Cabirian, Cabiric, Cabiritic adj.

Achelous Greek Mythology. the river god, represented as a bull with a human head.

Mygdon The son of Acmon, who fought against the Amazons, and from whom some of the Phrygians are said to have been called Mygdonides ( Pausan. x. 27 ).

Achaemenides A companion of Odysseus, who left him behind in Sicily when he fled from the Cyclops ( Verg. Aen. iii. 614 ).

Acmonides A name given by Ovid to one of the three Cyclops ( q. v. ), called by Vergil Pyracmon, and by other writers Arges.

Curetis (1) A name given to Crete, as being the residence of the Curetes ( Ovid, Met. viii. 136 ). See CURETES. (2) The earlier name of Aetolia.

Aeolides A patronymic applied to various indiividuals, of whom the most important are Sisyphus, son of Aeolus, Odysseus, to whom it is given because his mother, Anticlea, was pregnant by Aeolus when she married Laërtes; and Misenus, the follower of Aeneas, who was called so figuritively, from his skill in blowing the trumpet. The feminine form is Aeolis.

Lityerses [Gr. Lityērses.] Gr. Myth. A son of Midas accustomed to challenge wayfarers to a reaping-song contest and to bind their heads in the sheaves; also, a reaper's song. Cf. LINUS.

Criophorus [Nl. See CRIOPHORE.] Gr. Relig. An epithet of Hermes as protector of flocks.

veritas [L.] Truth; also [cap.], the personification of truth.

Dorium A town of Messenia, where Thamyris the musician challenged the Muses to a trial of skill. Pausanias ( iv. 33 ) notices this ancient town, of which he saw the ruins near a fountain named Achaia.

Anticlea [L., fr. Gr. Antikleia.] 1. Gr. Myth. The mother of Odysseus.

Hippotades A son of Hippotes, and hence = Aeolus. From him the Aeoliae Insulae are called Hippotadae Regnum ( Ovid, Met. xiv. 86 ).

Leucé An island in the Euxine Sea, near the mouth of the Borysthenes. It derived its name from its white, sandy shores. According to the poets, the souls of the ancient heroes were placed here as in the Elysian Fields, and enjoyed perpetual felicity. Here, too, the shade of Achilles is fabled to have been united to that of Helen.

Virginia [L. Virginia, Verginia, fem. of Verginius, Vriginius.] 1. Feminine proper name. 2. In Roman legend, the innocent daughter of the centurion Lucius Virginius. Her beauty having excited the lustful of the decemvir Appius Claudius, he instigated one of his clients to seize her and claim her as his slave. When, however, Appius was about to give judgement in his client's favor, Virginius, seizing a butcher's knife, slew his daughter. This so aroused the city and camp that the decemvirs were deprived of their power. Virginius, being made Tribune, put Appius in prison, where he took his own life.

Hippona A goddess who presided over horses. Her statues were placed in horses' stables ( Juv. viii. 157 ).

Diomedeae Insulae Five small islands in the Adriatic Sea, north of the promontory Garganum in Apulia, named after Diomedes. ( See DIOMEDES. ) The largest of these, called Diomeda Insula or Trimerus ( Tremiti ), was the place whither Iulia, the daughter of Augustus, was exiled ( Tac. Ann. iv. 71 ).

Lips The southwest wind ( Herod. ii. 25 ), corresponding to the Latin Africus.

Polyxena [L., fr. Gr. Polyxenē.] A daughter of Priam and Hecuba, betrothed to Achilles. At their wedding Paris treacherously slew Achilles, and after the fall of Troy Polyxena was sacrificed to his shade. Another story relates that she fell in love with Achilles, fled to the Greeks, and after Achilles's death killed herself on his tomb. See HECUBA.

Inachidae A name given to the first eight successors of Inachus ( q. v. ) on the throne of Argos.

Echion (1) One of the heroes who sprung from the dragon's teeth sown by Cadmus. ( See SPARTI.) He was the husband of Agavé and father of Pentheus, who is hence called Echionides. (2) Son of Hermes and Antianira; took part in the Calydonian hunt and in the expedition of the Argonauts.

Licymnius (1) A son of Electryon and the Phrygian slave Midea, and consequently half-brother of Alcmené. He was married to Perimedé, by whom he became the father of Oeonus, Argeus, and Melas. He was a friend of Heracles, whose son Tlepolemus slew him, according to some unintentionally, and according to others in a fit of anger.

Labdacidae A name given to Oedipus as descended from Labdacus. See OEDIPUS.

Pandean adj. Of or pertaining to the god Pan.

Acholoë [NL., fr. Gr. Acholoē, name of a harpy.]

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities