Saturday, August 9, 2014

M. E. XXXVI

Anxurus an Italian divinity, who was worshipped in a grove near Anxur ( Terracina ) together with Feronia. He was regarded as a youthful Jupiter and Feronia as Juno. ( Serv. ad. Aen. 7. 799.) On coins his name appears as Axur or Anxur. ( Drakenborch, ad. Sil. Ital. 8. 392; Morell. Thesaur. Num. ii. tab. 2.)

Thrasius 1. A soothsayer who is also called Phrasius. ( Hygin. Fab. 56; Ov. Art. Am. 1. 649 A; Apollod. 2. 5. 11.). 2. A Trojan who was killed by Achilles. ( Hom. Il. xx 210.)

Macedon a son of Zeus and Thyia, and a brother of Magnes, from whom Macedonia was believed to have derived its name. ( Steph. Byz. s. v. Μακεδονία.)

Thoon 1. One of the Gigantes, was killed by the Moerae. ( Apollod. i. 6 § 2.). 2. A Trojan who was killed by Odysseus. ( Hom. Il. xi. 422.) 3. A son of Phaenops, who, with his brother Xanthus, was slain by Diomedes. ( Hom. Il. v. 152.). 4. A Phaeacian of this name occurs in the Odyssey ( viii. 113 ).

Chrysomallus The golden-fleece ram of Phrixus. [See THEOPHANE and PHRIXUS.]

Axius a Paeonian river-god, who begot by Periboea a son, Pelagon, the father of Asteropaeus. ( Hom. Il. xxi. 141, with the note of Eustath; see ASTEROPAEUS.)

Baubo [Gr. Baubō.] Gr. Relig. A goddess of a phallic cult, especially worshiped in Paros, and prominent in Orphic legend. In myth she is an Eleusinian slave woman ( called also Iambe ), who seeks by her jests to cheer the sorrow ingredients Demeter. In the allegory of Goethe's Faust ( Part II ) She symbolizes sensuality.

Daphnis [L., fr. Gr. Daphnis.] Gr. Myth. A Sicilian shepherd who was regarded as the inventor of bucolic poetry. According to one version of his story, he was the son of Hermes. When a naiad, to whom he was faithless, punished him with blindness, Hermes translated him into heaven. Hence, a shepherd or rustic.

Echius Two mythical personages of this name occur in the Iliad; the one a Greek and a son of Mecisteus, was slain by Polites ( 8. 333, 15. 339 ), and the other, a Trojan, was slain by Patroclus. ( 16. 416.)

Azorus according to Hesychius ( s. v.), the helmsman of the ship Argo, who is said to have built the Pelagonian town of Azoros. ( Steph. Byz. s. v.)

Rhexenor two mythical personages, one the father of Chalciope, and  the second a son of Nausithous the king of the Phaeacians, and accordingly a brother of Alcinous. ( Apollod. 3. 15. 6; Hom. Od. 7. 64, &c.)

Azan a son of Arcas and the nymph Erato, was the brother of Apheidas and Elatus, and father of Cleitor. The part of Arcadia which he received from his father was called, after him, Azania. After his death, funeral games, which were believed to have been the first in Greece, were celebrated in his honour. ( Paus. 8. 4. § § 2, 3, 5. 1.6; Steph. Byz. s. v. Ἀζάνια )

Hagno an Arcadian nymph, who is said to have brought up Zeus. On Mount Lycaeus in Arcadia there was a well sacred to and named after her. When the country was suffering from drought, the priest of Zeus Lycaeus, after having offered up prayers and sacrifices, touched the surface of the well with the branch of an oak, whereupon clouds were formed immediately which refreshed the country with rain. The nymph Hagno was represented at Megapolis carrying in one hand a pitcher and in the other a patera. ( Paus. 8. 38. 3, 31. 2, 47. 2.)

Lacinius 1. An Italian hero and fabulous robber, by whom Heracles, on his expedition in Italy, is said to have been robbed of some of the oxen of Geryones, and who was killed by the hero in consequence. After the place of the murder was purified Heracles built a temple to Hera ( Juno ), surnamed Lacinia. ( Diod. iv. 24; Serv. ad Aen. iii. 552.)

Mulciber [L.] Rom. Relig. An epithet of Vulcan.

Phobos [Gr.] Gr. Relig. A goddess who was the personification of panic fear which overcame armies and puts them to flight.

Aegaeon [L. Aegaeon, fr. Gr. Aigaiōn.] Gr. Relig. The name given to "him who the gods call Briareus." See BRIAREUS.

Aollius The son of Romulus and Hersilia. [See HERSILIA.]

Otrera a daughter or wife of Ares who is said to have built the temple of Artemis at Ephesus. ( Hygin. Fub. 225; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. 1.1033.)

Xanthippus 1. One of the sons of Melas, who revolted against Oeneus, and were slain by Tydeus. ( Apollod. 1. 85.) 2. A son of Deïphontes. ( Paus. ii. 28. § 3.) 3. A hero who had a heroin at Daulia, in Phocis. ( Paus. x. 4. § 2.).

Melas 1. A son of Poseidon by nymph of Chios, and brother of Angelus ( Paus. 7. 4. 6.) 2. One of the Tyrrhenian pirates mentioned under MELANTHUS No. 1. 3. A son of Phrixus and Chalciope, was married to Eurycleia, by whom he became the father of Hyperes. ( Apollod. i. 9. § 1; Apollon. Rhod. ii. 1158; Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. iv. 221.)   4. A son of Porthaon and Euryte, and brother of Oeneus. ( Hor. Il. xiv. 117; Apollod. i. 7 § 10; comp. OENEUS and TYDEUS. ) 5. A son of Antassus, at Gonusa, near Sicyon. He joined the Dorians on their march against Corinth. His services were at first declined, but he was afterwords allowed to fight in the ranks of the Dorians. He was the ancestor of the family of Cypselus. ( Paus. ii. 4. § 4, v. 18 § 7, 20, in fill.) 6. There are three other mythical personages of this name. ( Paus. vii. 4. § 6, viii. 28 § 3; Apollod. ii. 7. § 7.)

a-www.mythindex.com (04/10/2015)

Monday, January 13, 2014

M. E. XXXV

Campe a monster which guarded the Cyclopes in Tartarus, was killed by Jupiter ( Zeus ) when he wanted the assistance of the Cyclopes against the Titans.

Cercopes [L., fr. Gr. Kerkopēs.] Gr. Myth. Thievish dwarves captured by Hercules.

Alastor [L., fr. Gr. Alastōr, fr. a- not + lathesthai to forget.] 1. Gr. Relig. a An epithet of Zeus and of other gods as avenging spirits. b An avenging deity; also, an avenging spirit of one who has been murdered. 2. In medieval demonology, vengeance personified. 3. Title of a poem by Shelley ( 1816 ).

Meilichios adj. Epithet of Zeus. See ZEUS.

Venulus a Latin chieftain ( according to Servius, originally from Argos ), sent by Turnus to Diomedes to persuade him to lend aid against Aeneas and the Trojans: he was subsequently captured by Tarchon, and carried off the field after a fierce struggle.

Acca a companion of the Volscian heroine Camilla.

Polycaste A sister of Daedalus whose son, Talos, was killed by his uncle. When Polycaste heard about her son's death she hanged herself. According to some versions, her soul was eventually responsible for avenging Talos's death by causing that of Daedalus's son, Icarus.

Autesion A son of Tisamenus, grandson of Thersander, and great-grandson of Polyneices. He is called the father of Theras and Argeia, by the latter of whom Aristodamus became the father of Eurystheus and Process. He was a native of Thebes, where he had succeeded his father as king, but at the command of an oracle he went to Peloponnesus and joined the Dorians. (  Apollod. ii. 8. § 2; Paus. iii. 15. § 4, 3. § 3, ix. 5 8; Herod. iv. 147, vi. 52; Strab. viii. p. 347.)

Crocon The husband of Saesara and father of Meganeira.( Apollod. iii. 9. § 1; Paus. i 38. § 2; comp. ARCAS.)

Hersilia the wife of Romulus, was the only married woman carried off by the Romans in the rape of the Sabine maidens. As Romulus after death became Quirinus, so Hersilia his wife became a goddess, Hora or Horta. Some writers, however, made Hersilia the wife of Hostus, grandson of Tullus Hostilius.

Antevorta also called Porrima or Prorsa, together with Postvorta, are described as the two sisters or companions of the Roman goddess Carmenta; but originally they were two attributes of the one goddess Carmenta.

Prothoanor a son of Areilycus, was one of the leaders of the Boeotians against Troy, where he was slain by Polydamas ( Hom. Il. ii. 495, xiv. 450, &c. )

Ocalea a daughter of Mantineus, and wife of Abas, by whom she became the mother of Acrisius and Proetus.  ( Apollod. ii. 2 § 1.) The Scholiast of Euripides ( Orest. 953 ) calls her Aglaia.

Polyphonte A daughter of Hipponous, king of the Triballi, and Thrassa. She was a companion of the goddess Artemis who scorned Aphrodite and was cursed to fall in love with a bear. She bore the creature two gigantic son Agrius and Orius and was later transformed into an owl. ( Ant. Lib. 21.)

Talthybius [L., fr. Gr. Talthybios.] The herald of Agamemnon at Troy.

Aiantis [Gr.] Gr. Relig. An epithet of Athena at Megara.

Cyllaros [L., fr. Gr. Kyllaros.] The horse of Castor.

Plexippus 1. A son of Thestius, and brother of Althaea, was killed by Meleager. ( Apollod. iii. 15 § 3; Schol. ad Soph. Anitg. 980.) 2. One of the sons of Aegytus ( Hygin. Fab. 170.)

Academus [L., fr. Gr. Akadēmos.] Gr. Myth. A hero who told Castor and Pollux where Theseus had hidden Helen.

Servius Tullius the legendary sixth king of ancient Rome who built the city walls and whose accession to the throne was prophesied by and secured with the help of Tanaquil, the widow of the previous king: assassinated by his daughter Tullia and her husband Tarquin.

Tanaquil a legendary queen of Rome who prophesied the future greatness of Servius Tullius and helped him to gain the throne after the murder of her husband by a political faction.

a-www.mythindex.com