Tuesday, December 4, 2012


Actaeus The first king of Attica. The poets use the word Actaeus as an adjective, in the sense of Attic.

Corybas The son of Iasion and Cybele, who introduced the rites of the mother of the gods into Phrygia from the island of Samothrace. See CORYBANICA; RHEA.

Macareus A son of Aeolus, who committed incest with his sister Canacé, ( See CANACÉ ). Hence Issé the daughter of Macareus, is called Macareïs. After the suicide of Canacé, Macareus fled to Delphi, where he became the priest of Apollo. His story is told by Ovid in the Heroides, xi.

Idalium A town in Cyprus, sacred to Aphrodité, who hence bore the surname Idalia.

Agenorides A descendant of an Agenor, such as Cadmus, Phineus, and Perseus.

Iapyx (1) Son of Lycaon and brother of Daunius and Peucetius, who went as leaders of a colony to Italy. According to others, he was a Cretan and a son of Daedalus. (2) The west-northwest wind blowing off the coast of Iapygia ( Apulia ), in the south of Italy, and consequently favourable to persons crossing over to Greece. It was called by the Greeks άργεότης.

Minervae Castrum or Minervium Now Castro; a hill on the coast of Calabria, the traditional landing-place of Aeneas in Italy.

Ithacus The son of Pterolaüs. He was the hero after whom Ithaca was said to have been named ( Odyss. xiii. 207 ).

Phemius A celebrated minstrel of Ithaca ( Odyss. i. 54 ).

Alcithoë Class. Myth. a daughter of Minyas who was driven mad for mocking Dionysus.

Electrides Class. Myth. the Amber Islands.

Curetes [L., fr. Gr. Kourētes.] Gr. Relig. Earthborn daemons, attendants upon Rhea, in Crete, who, when she gave the infant Zeus into their charge, executed a wild dance so that the clamor drowned the child's cries and concealed his presence from Cronus; also, priests of the Cretan Rhea.

Melanippe [L., fr. Gr. Melanippē.] Gr. Myth. The mother, by Poseidon, of Aeolus.

Aglaos [Gr.] Gr. Lit. A poor Arcadian peasant whom the Delphic oracle pronounced happier than Gyges, king of Lydia, because he was contented.

Psyche In Greek and Roman mythology, a maiden who, after many tribulations caused by the jealousy of Aphrodite, is united with her lover, Eros, and accorded a place among the gods as a personification of the soul.

Dodonides The priestesses who gave oracles in the temple of Zeus in Dodona. See DODONA.

Iasides A patronymic given to Palinurus, as descendant from a person of the name of Iasius ( Verg. Aen. v. 843 ).

labors of Hercules Class. Myth. the 12 extraordinary feats performed by Hercules for Eurystheus in order to gain immortality.

Pelasgus The mythical ancestor of the Pelasgi, by some regarded as sprung from the earth, but by others described as the son of Zeus ( Pausan. ii. 14, 3; Apollod. ii. 1, 1 ); or of Phoroneus ( Pausan. i. 14, 2 ), or of Poseidon and Larissa ( Dionys. i. 17 ). See PELASGI.

Phylas (1) A king of the Dryopes, who was attacked and slain by Heracles, because he had violated the sanctuary of Delphi. By his daughter Midea, Heracles became the father of Antilochus. (2) Son of Antilochus and grandson of Heracles and Midea, was married to Deïphilé, by whom he had two sons, Hippotas and Thero. (3) King of Ephyra, in Thesprotia, and father of Polymelé and Astyoché, by the latter of whom Heracles was the father of Tlepolemus.

Iardanes King of Lydia, and father of Omphalé, who is hence called Iardanis ( Apollod. ii. 6 § 3 ).

Lausus (1) Son of Mezentius ( q. v.), king of the Etruscans, slain by Aeneas. (2) Son of Numitor and brother of Ilia, killed by Amulius.

Pagasae or Pagasa A town of Thessaly, on the coast of Magnesia, and on the bay called after it SINUS PAGASAEUS or PAGASYCUS. It was the port of Iolcus, and afterwords of Pherae, and is celebrated in mythology as the place where Iason built the ship Argo. Hence the adjective Pagasaeus is applied to Iason, and is also used in the general sense of Thessalian. Apollo is also called Pagasaeus from having a temple at the place.

dragon 1. A mythical, serpentlike, winged monster.

Xanthe one of the daughters of Oceanus. ( Hes. Theog. 356; Verg. G. 4. 336.)

Ischys Class. Myth. a youth who was slain after committing an act of infidelity with Coronis, the beloved of Apollo.

Meges ( in the Iliad ) a nephew of Odysseus who commanded the Epeans in the Trojan War.

Leander Gk. Myth. A young man who loved Hero and drowned during one of his nightly swims across the Hellespont to be with her.

Laodamas Class. Myth.1. a son of Eteocles who defended Thebes against the Epigoni, killed Aegialeus and was killed by Alcmaeon. 2. ( in the Odyssey ) the son of Alcinous who, not recognizing Odysseus, challenged him to athletic contests when Odysseus landed in Phaeacia.

Tityus [L., Tityos, fr. Gr. Tityos.] Gr. Myth. a giant, son of Gaea or of Zeus, who for offering violence to Leto, was slain by her son Apollo. In Hades he lies prone while two vultures gnaw his liver.

Aeaean adj. [L. Aeaecus, fr. Gr. Aiaios.] Gr. & Rom. Myth. Pertaining to or desgnating the island Aeaea (now Monte Circello), lying between Italy and Sicily and fabled as the abode of Circe.  Aeaean, n.

Caesar dives [L.] Rom. Relig. The deified Caesar or emperor of Rome.

Stymphalus A town in the northeast of Arcadia, the territory of which was bounded on the north by Achaia, on the east by Sicyonia and Philiasia, on the south by the territory of Mantinea, and on the west by that of Orchomenus and Pheneus. The town itself was situated on a mountain of the same name, and on the north side of Lake STYMPHẶLIS ( Zaraka ), on which dwelt, according to tradition, the celebrated birds, called STYMPHALĬDES, destroyed by Heracles. See HERACLES.

Ancus Marcius Rom. Legend. a king of Rome, during whose reign the first bridge over the Tiber was constructed.

Hesione In Greek legend, Laomedon's daughter, rescued from a sea monster by Hercules.

Ianthé (1) The daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, and one of the companions of Pemphoné. (2) See IPHIS.

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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