Thursday, December 6, 2012

M. E. XXVI

godling A minor deity.

Andron Class. Myth. a son of Anius who was given the power of prophecy by Apollo. Also, Andrus.

Archeptolemus ( in the Iliad ) the son of Iphitus who served as charioteer for Hector.

Leucippus (1) Son of Oenomaüs, the lover of Daphné. (2) Son of Perieres, prince of the Messenians, and father of Phoebé and Hiliaïra, usually called Leucippides, who were betrothed to Idas and Lynceus, the sons of Aphareus, but were carried off by Castor and Pollux, who married them.

Maeonis An epithet applied to Omphalé ( q. v.) as queen of Lydia or Maeonia.

Alcaeus 2. Class. Myth. a son of Androgeus and a grandson of Minos.

Cressa " The Cretan woman;" a term used by Ovid of Ariadné ( Am.i. 7, 16 ) and of Aëropé ( A. A. i. 327 ).

hero 4. In classical mythology and legend: a The son of a god or goddess and a mortal. b A man of great nobility or physical prowess who was often worshiped as a demigod after death.

Priapean adj. Of or pertaining to Priapus; phallic.

Tydeus Class. Myth. the father of Diomedes: one of the Seven Against Thebes.

Melisseus A legendary king of Crete, father of the nymph Melissa.

thread of life, the, the imaginary thread spun and cut by the Fates. It is supposed to symbolize the course and termination of one's existence.

hellhound 1. A hound of hell, as Cerberus. 2. A cruel and fiendish person.

Urania 1. The Muse of astronomy. 2. The heavenly one: an epithet of Aphrodite.  [< L< Gk. Ourania < ouranios heavenly < ouranos heaven ]

Aethra (1) Daughter of Pittheus, king of Troezen, mother of Theseus by Aegeus, or, according to another account of Poseidon. While Homer merely mentions her as a servant of Helen at Troy, later legend adds that when the Dioscuri took Aphidnae and set free their sister, whom Theseus had carried off, they conveyed Aethra to Sparta as a slave, whence she accompanied Helen to Troy; and that on the fall of that city, they brought her grandsons, Acanas and Demophoön back to Athens. (2) A daughter of Oceanus, by whom Atlas begot the Hyades ( q. v.) and a son, Hyas.

City of ( the ) Seven Hills Rome.

Pietas the ancient Roman personification of familial affection, patriotism, and piety,

Amyclas Class. Myth.1. a son of Lacedaemon and Sparta. 2. a son of Niobe and Amphion.

Clytius Class. Myth. 1. ( in the Iliad ) a brother of Priam killed by Hercules. 2. a companion of Jason. 3. one of the Gigantes.

silver age In classical mythology, the age of Jupiter's rule, succeeding that of Kronos or Saturn.

Cacus [L.] Rom. Myth. A thieving, crafty giant, son of Vulcan, slain by Hercules in his cave in the Aventine where he had hidden the cattle of Geryon. In Rome an obscure goddess, Caca, had an altar, and the two probably represent a pair of ancient divinities.

Anna [L.] Rom. Myth. The sister of Dido.

Ianiscus The name of two mythical personages. ( Paus. ii. 6.§ 3.; Schol. ad Aristoph. Plut. 701.)

sun god A god identified with or personifying the sun.

lotusland Informal. A place or condition of irresponsibility and luxury.

Hephaestian adj. relating to Hephaestus, the god of fire and metallurgy among the Greeks; hence, relating to metalworking or smithery.

Oberon 1. The king of the fairies and husband of Titania in medieval folklore. 2. A satellite of Uranus.  [ Fr.< Auberon. of Gmc. orig. See albho-*. ]

Aleian adj. Gr. Myth. Designating the plain ( Alēion pedion ) where Bellerophon wandered.

Megareus The son either of Onchestus or of Poseidon, and father of Hippomenes and Evaechmé.

Ampelos Class. Myth. a satyr who was placed among the stars by Dionysus.

silenus In Greek mythology, any woodland deity resembling a satyr.

Miletus Class. Myth. a son of Apollo and Aria, and the founder of the city of Miletus.

Gorgé Daughter of Oeneus ( q. v.) and sister of Deianira, both of whom retained their original forms when their other sisters were metamorphosed by Artemis into birds.

Lorelei In Germanic romantic literature, a siren on a rock in the Rhine who lured boatmen to shipwreck by her singing: also Lurlei.  [< G ]

Cardea A Roman divinity, presiding over the hinges ( cardines ) of doors - that is, over family life ( Tertull. adv. Gnost 10 ).

Echetus A king of Epirus whose daughter Metopé or Amphissa yielded to the solicitations of her lover Aechmodicus. As a punishment, Echetus blinded her and caused Aechmodicus to be castrated ( Odyss. xviii. 85; xxi. 308 ).

thunderbolt 2. an imaginary bolt or dart conceived of as the material destructive agent cast to earth in a flash of lightning: the thuderbolts of Jove.

Calais Class. Myth. the winged son of Boreas the north wind. As Argonauts he and his twin brother Zetes chased away the Harpies. Also, Kalais.

Marpessa Daughter of Evenus and Alcippé. See IDAS.

Aepytus (1) A mythical king of Arcadia, from whom a part of the country was called Aepytis. (2) The younger son of Cresphontes, king of Messenia, and of Meropé, daughter of the Arcadian king Cypselus. When his father and brothers were murdered during an insurrection, Aepytus, who was with his grandfather Cypselus, alone escaped. The throne of Cresphontes was meantime occupied by Polyphontes, who forced Meropé to become his wife. Whe Aepytus had grown to manhood he returned to his kingdom, and put Polyphontes to death. From him the kings of Messenia were called Aepytidae.

Ialemus The personification of a sort of dirge, as was Linus ( q. v.), and as Hymenaeus personified the marriage song. He is called a son of Apollo and Calliopé, and was the inventor of a melancholy song which bore the name of ίαλεμος.

fate 5. [cap.] Gr. & Rom. Relig. The goddess, or one of the goddesses, of fate or destiny; esp., pl. [L. Fata, pl. of fatum ], the three goddesses supposed to determine the course of human life. In Greek they are called the Moirai ( See MOIRA ), their individual names being eventually determined as Clotho ( Spinner ), who spins the thread of life, Lachesis ( Disposer of Lots ), who determines it's length, and Atropos ( Inflexible ), who cuts it off. The Romans identified the Moirai with their own goddesses of fate, the Parcae ( see PARCA ),  whose names are Nona, Decuma, and Morta. Cf. NORN. 6. pl. Norse Myth. The Norns; the Weird Sisters.

Chrysothemis (1) A daughter of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra. (2) A Cretan who first obtained the poetical prize at the Pythian games.

Melanippus Class. Myth. a Theban who killed Tydeus in the battle of the Seven against Thebes and who was, in turn, slain by Amphiaraus. Also, Melanippos.

Chthonia (1) Daughter of Erechtheus of Athens, who was sacrificed by her father to gain victory over the men of Eleusis. ( See ERECHTHEUS.) (2) An epithet of Demeter ( q. v.).

Maeon The son of Haemon of Thebes. With Lycophotes he led a band which lay in ambush for Tydeus in  the war of the Seven against Thebes. Tydeus spared his life, and was in return buried by Maeon after Tydeus had been slain ( Il. iv. 394 ).

Halesus A chief of the Auruncans and Oscans, the son of a soothsayer, and an ally of Turnus, slain by Evander. He came to Italy from Argos in Greece, whence he is called Agamemnonius, Astrides, or Argolicus. He is said to have founded Falerii ( Serv. ad. Verg. Aen. vii. 723 ).

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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