Tuesday, December 4, 2012

M. E. XXII

Bubona [L.] Roman Relig. A goddess who protected cattle.

Menoeceus Class. Myth. a descendant of the Sparti and the father of Jocasta and Creon, who sacrificed himself to end a plague in Thebes. 2. the son of Creon of Thebes, who took his own life because of the prophecy that the Seven against Thebes would fail if only a descendant of the Sparti sacrificed himself.

Iapis The son of Iasus. He was loved by Apollo, who taught him the healing art and prophecy. Iapis cured Aeneas of a wound received by him in his war with Latinus ( Verg. Aen. xii. 391 ).

Atlantides [L., fr. Gr. Atlantides. See ATLANTES.] 1. a The Pleiades, or seven stars fabled to be the daughtrs of Atlas and Pleione. b = HESPERIDES a. 2. The inhabitants of Atlantis.

Canace Class. Myth. a daughter of Aeolus who committed suicide at her father's command because of her incestuous relations with her brother Macareus.

Enipeus (1) A river in Thessaly, rising in Mount Othrys, receiving the Apidanus, near Pharsalus, and flowing into the Peneus ( Ovid, Met. i. 579 ). Poseidon assumed the form of the god of this river in order to obtain possession of Tyro, who was in love with Enipeus. She became by Poseidon the mother of Pelias and Neleus.

Molus The son of Deucalion and father of Meriones ( q. v.).

Caca A sister of Cacus ( q. v.), who, according to one version of the fable, became enamoured of Heracles, and showed the hero where her brother had concealed his oxen. For this she was deified. She presided over the excrements of the human body ( cf. the verb cacare ) and had a chapel ( sacelum ) at Rome, with a sacred fire continually burning in it, and virgins to perform her rites ( Lactant. i. 20, pl. 110, ed. Gall; Serv. ad Verg. Aen. viii. 190 ).

Aegimius A king of the Dorians, reigning in Thessaly, near the range of Pindus. He aided Heracles, according to the Doric legend, in his contest with the Lapithae, and received as a reward the territory from which they were driven. Aegimius is a conspicuous name among the founders of the Doric line, and mention is made by the ancient writers of an epic poem, entitled Αίγίμιος, which is ascribed
by some to Hesiod, by others to Cecrops the Milesian. The posterity of Aegimius formed part of the expedition against the Peloponnesus, and the Doric institutions of Aegimius are spoken of by Pindar as forming the rule or model of government for the Doric race ( Cf. Müller,  Dorier, vol. ii. p. 12 ).

Virbius [L.] Rom. Relig. A primitive deity of childbirth, associated with Diana. He eventually became a mythological figure.

Thaumatian adj. Of or pertaiming to Iris, called Thaumantias after her father Thaumas, her father.

Alethia the ancient Greek personification of truth.

Morta One of the Roman Parcae, or Fates. She was identified with the Greek Atropos, the fate who cut the thread of life.

Bifrons An epithet of Ianus ( q. v.) as being represented with two faces.

kraken A legendary sea monster believed to inhabit the waters of Norway.  [< Norw ]

Ygdrasil In Norse mythology, a huge ash tree whose roots and branches bind together heaven, earth, and hell: also spelled Igdrasil. Also Ygdrasill, Yggdrasill.

Ambarvalia an ancient Roman festival in which sacrifices were offered to Ceres, as an invocation for fertile fields. The sacrificed animals were first led about the fields.

Ninus 1. In Assyrian legend, the founder of Nineveh and husband of Semiramis. 2. The Latin name for NINEVEH.

Ragnorök In Norse mythology, the twilight of the gods, and the doomsday of the world, preceding its regeneration. Also Ragnorok.  [< ON < ragna of the gods (genitive pl. of regin ) + rök judgement ]

Coronis [L., fr. Gr. kōronis.] Gr. Myth. a A daughtr of a Thessalian prince and mother of Asclepius, who is therfore called Coronides. b A Phocian princess who was changed into a crow by Athena.

Rumina [L.] Rom. Relig. The goddess of nursing mothers.

Minyas Class. Myth. a king of Orchomenus, famed for his wealth.

Libera an ancient Italian goddess of wine, vineyards, and fertility and the wife of Liber, in later times identified with Persephone.

Potami The gods of the rivers, sons of Oceanus and Tethys. [ See OCEANUS.]

Hyas The son of Atlas, and father or brother of the Hyades ( q.v.), and said to be the ancestor of the Hyades ( q.v.).

Menippe Class. Myth. a daughter of Orion who, with her sister Metioche, offered herself as as sacrifice to end a plague in Boeotia.

Nysa Class. Myth.1. the mountain where Zeus sent the infant Dionysus to protect him from the vindictive wrath of Hera. 2. one of the Nysaean Nymphs.

Biton and Cleobis The sons of Cydippé, a priestess of Heré at Argos. They were celebrated for their affection for their mother, whose chariot they once dragged during a festival to the Temple of Here, a distance of forty-five. The priestess prayed to the goddess to grant them what was best for mortals, and during the night they both died while asleep in the temple ( Herod. i. 31; Val. Max. v. 4; Cic. Tusc. Disp. i. 47 ).

Mermerus (1) One of the Centaurs present at the wedding of Pirithoüs. (2) Son of Iason and Medea. He, with his brother Pheres, was murdered by his mother at Corinth. He is also called MACAREUS and MORMORUS.

Minervae Promontorium A rocky promontory in Campania, running out a long way into the sea, six miles southeast of Surrentum, on whose summit was a temple of Minerva, said to have been built by Odysseus. Here the Sirens are reported to have dwelt.

Lamus Class. Myth. a son of Hercules and Omphale. 2. the king of a people who attacked 11 ships of Odysseus and devoured their crews.

Harpina or Harpinna A town in Pisatis ( Elis ) near Olympia, named after a daughter of Asopus.

Leucippé The sister of Alcithoë, and with her changed into a bat. See ALCITHOË.

Panopé A sea-nymph, daughter of Nereus and Doris.

Agenor [L., fr. Gr. Agēnōr.] Gr. Lit. a One of the bravest of the Trojan warriors, the son of Antenor. b A Phoenician king, father of Europa and Cadmus.

Empusa [ML., hobgoblin, fr. Gr. empousa.] a Gr. Myth. A terrifying being associated with Hecate, often with the vampire's appetite for human flesh. b [ not cap.] A specter or hobgoblin.

Thamesis [L.] The river Thames;  a personification.

Hypenor a Trojan warrior, slain by Diomedes.

Corycia [L., fr. Gr. Kōrykia.] Gr. Myth. A nymph, mother by Apollo of Lycorus.

Phoebad [Gr. phoibas, phoibados, fr. Phoibos PHOEBUS.] Gr. Relig. A priestess of Apollo at Delphi; hence, an inspired woman; a prophetess or seeress. Cf. PYTHIA.

Macaria The daughter of Heracles and Deianira. When Eurystheus, after the death of Heracles, made war upon the Heraclidae and their allies, the Athenians, an oracle declared that the descendants of Heracles would be victorious if one of them should devote himself to death. This lot Macaria voluntarily accepted, and the oracle was fullfilled in the success of the Athenians by whom Macaria was therefore held in great honour. A fountain at Marathon was called by her name ( Pausan. i. 32 ).

Iasion [L., fr. Gr. Iasiōn.] Gr. Relig. According to myth, a mortal who was united with Demeter "in the thrice ploughed field," and was punished for his presumption of Zeus. He was possibly originally a hero or deity of agriculture, the myth is probably derived from a ritual symbolizing fertilization of the field.

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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