Saturday, November 24, 2012

M. E. XIII

Melissa 1. Class. Myth. the sister of Amalthea who nourished the infant Zeus with honey. 2. Also, Melisse, Melissy a female given name.

Abas An early king of Argos; great-grandfather of Perseus. He was a special favorite of Hera who blessed his shield, making it resistant to any sword-stroke. Thus favored by the goddess, Abas proved himself a fearsome warrior. His reputation persisted after his death, and the very sight of his shield, it is said, carried by one of his descendants, was enough to strike fear into the foes of Argos.

Batea 1. A Naiad, mother by Oebalus of Tyndareus, Hippocoon, and Icarion. 2. Daughter of Teucer, wife of Dardanus, mother of Ilus and Erichthonius.

Eteoclus Class. Myth. one of the Seven against Thebes.

Matuta Also Mater Matuta. [L. See MATURE.] Rom. Relig. An ancient Italian goddess of the dawn, and hence of birth, orig. associated with Janus.

Abantes [Gr.] A tribe early dominant in ancient Euboea; in Homer the Euboeans.

Laias A son of Oxylus and Pieria, king of Elis. ( Paus. v. 4 § 4, &c.; comp. AETOLUS. No. 2. ).

Gortys 1. A son of Stymphalus, and founder of the Arcadian town of Gortys. ( Paus. viii. 4 § 5.). 2. A son of Tegeates and Maera, who, according to an Arcadian tradition, built the town of Gortyn, in Crete. The Cretans regarded him as a son of Rhadamanthys. ( Paus. viii. 53. § 2.).

Pronax The son of Talaüs and Lysimaché and brother of Adrastus and Eriphylé. By some the Nemean Games were said to have been held in his honour.

Ledaea A epithet given to Hermioné, and sometimes to Helen, and others, as related to Leda ( Verg. Aen. iii. 378 ).

Polidalirius The son of Asclepius and Epioné. Like his brother Machaon ( q.v. ), physician to the Greeks before Troy, and a brave warrior besides. He was honoured as a hero at Mount Dria.

Cloanthus One of the companions of Aeneas, from whom the family of the Cleuntii, at Rome claimed descent ( Verg. Aen. v. 127 ).

Junonian pertaining to, or having the characteristics of Juno.

Erysichthon Ερυσιχθων ) " Render of the earth." The son of the Thessalian king Triopas, who cut down trees in a grove sacred to Demeter, for which he  was punished by the goddess with a fearful hunger, that caused him to devour his own flesh ( Ovid, Met. viii. 738; Callim. Hymn. in Dem. 34 foll ).

Aesacus The son of Priam and Alexirrhoë, who fell in love with Hesperia, the daughter of Ceban. While he was pursuing her, she was stung by a viper and died, Aesacus in his grief threw himself into the sea, and was changed by Thetis into an aquatic bird ( Ovid, Met. xi. 750 ).

Elymus A natural son of Anchises and brother of Eryx; one of the Trojans who fled from Troy to Sicily. With the aid of Aeneas they built the towns of Aegesta and Elymé. The Trojans who settled in that part of Sicily called themselves Elymi, after Elymus.

Callianassa one of the daughters of Nereus, mentioned in the Iliad.

Gordian knot 1. A knot supposed to have been tied by Gordius, legendary king of Phrygia, and declared by an oracle to be capable of being undone by the man who should rule Asia. Alexander the Great cut the knot in two with his sword. 2. Any difficulty that can be solved by drastic measures. to cut the Gordian knot to solve a problem or difficulty by drastic measures.

Sardus A son of Maceris, and leader of a colony from Libya to Sardinia, which as believed to have derived its name from him. (Paus. x. 17. § 1.) 

Lampedo (1) A Lacedaemonian woman, wife of Archidamas II., king of Sparta, and mother of Agis. She was regarded as being the daughter, wife, sister, and mother of a king. (2) A queen of the Amazons ( Justin, ii. 4 ).

Aeoliae Insulae A group of islands northeast of Sicily, where Aeolus, the god of the winds, reigned. These islands were also called Hephaestiades or Vulcaniae, because Hephaestus or Vulcan was believed to have his workshop in one of them called Hiera. They were also named Liparenses, from Lipara, the largest of them.

Phaon [L., fr. Gr. Phāon.] In Greek legend, a boatman of Mytilene. Sappho is fabled 5o have leaped from the Leucadian rock because her love for him was not required. He is said to have been originally an ugly old man, but to have been given youth and beauty by Aphrodite for not accepting pay when he carried her across the sea.

Hylas [L., fr. Gr. Hylas.] Gr. Myth. A beautiful youth loved by Hercules. He accompanied Hercules on the Argo nautical expedition and was drawn down by the nymphs while drawing water at a Mysia spring.

Ouranos Class. Myth. Uranus ( def. 2).

Trito or Tritogenia A surname of Athené, derived by some from Lake Tritonis in Libya, by others from the stream Triton near Alacomenae in Boeotia; and by the grammarians from τριτώ, which, in the dialect of the Athamanias, is said to signify " head "( cf. Il. v. 875; Apollod. i. 3, 6 ). See ATHENÉ.

Medus Son of Aegeus and Medea ( q. v. ).

Pholoë A mountain forming the boundary between Arcadia and Elis; mentioned as one of the abodes of the Centaurs. See PHOLUS.

maenad 1. a Bacchante, a priestess of Bacchus. 2. a notous or frenzied woma.

Plutonian adj.1. Of or pertaining to Pluto and the lower world. 2. Plutonic ( def. 2. ).  [ < L Plutonius < Gk. Ploutonios Ploutōn Pluto ]

Aegialea (1) The wife of Diomedé, to whom she is said to have been grossly unfaithful during his absence in the Trojan War. ( See DIOMEDES ).

bucentaur 2. A mythical monster, half bull and half man. [< Ital. bucentoro, ? < Med. Gk. boukentauros bucentaur < Gk. bous bull + kentauros centaur; def. 1 with ref. to the vessel's figurehead ]

Triopas A son of Poseidon and Canacé, a daughter of Aeolus, or of Helios ( the Sun ) and Rhodos, and the father of Iphimedia and Erysichthon. Hence his son Erysichthon is called Triopeïus, and his granddaughter Mestra or Metra, the daughter of Erysichthon, Triopeïs. He is said to have expelled the Pelasgians from a part of Thessaly, but was himself at last obliged to leave the country, when he went to Caria, in Asia Minor and founded Cnidus, hence called TRIOPIA ( Herod. i, 74; Apollod. i. 7, 4; Diod. v. 56 ). He or his son Erysichthon violated the sacred grove of Demeter, for which he was punished with endless hunger.

Cupid's bow 1. a classical bow Cupid is traditionally pictured as bearing. 2. a line or shape resembling the, esp. the line of the upper lip.

Sirius 1. Astron. the Dog Star, the brightest-appearing star in the heavens, located in the constellation Canis Major. 2. Also, Seirios. Class. Myth. a. the dog of Orion. b. Icarius' faithful dog, who was changed into a star.  [1325-75; ME < L Sīrius < Gk Seirios]

Talassio a god invoked at ancient Roman weddings, esp. in epithalamions.

Tros The son of Erichthonius and Astyoché, and grandson of Dardanus. He was married to Callirrhoë, by whom he became the father of Ilus, Assaracus, and Ganymedes, and was  king of Phrygia. The country and people of Troy derived their name from him.( See TROIA.) He gave up his son Ganymedes to Zeus for a present of horses.

Ichthyes The fish of the constellation Pisces. They ferried Aphrodite and Eros to safety when the gods fled from the monster Typhon.

Mariandynus 1. A son of Phineus, Titius, or Phrixus, was the ancestral hero of the Mariandynians in the Bithynia. ( Schol. ad Apollon. ii. 723, 748.) 2. It also occurs as a surname of Bormus. ( Aeschyl. Pers. 938; comp. BORMUS.)

Actaeon In Greek mythology, a hunter who surprised Aremis bathing and was turned by her into a stag and killed by his own hounds.

Moneta 2. ( in Roman religion ) an epithet of Juno.

Hipponoüs The original name of Bellerophon, who changed it on slaying the Corinthian Bellerus.

Praxithea a daughter of Phrasimus and Diogenia, was the wife of Erechtheus, and mother of Cecrops, Pandorus, Metion, Orneus, Procris, Creusa, Chthonia, and Orithyia.

Heracles Hercules. Also Herakles Heraclean adj.

Hippothoön An Attic hero, son of Poseidon and Alopé, daughter or Cercyon. After him one of the Attic tribes was called Hippothoonis. He had a shrine at Athens.

Clusius A surname of Ianus, whose temple was closed ( clusum ) in peace.

Sirenusae Called by Vergil ( Aen. v. 854 ) SIRENUM SCOPULI. Three small uninhabited and rocky islands near the south site of the Promontory Misenum, off the coast of Campania, which were, according to tradition, the abode of the Sirens. See SIRENES.

Adrastus Class. Myth. a king of Argos and leader of the Seven against Thebes. Also, Adrastos.

Carpus A son of Zephyrus and Chloris.

Rhodos, sometimes called Rhodé A daughter of Poseidon and Helia, or of Helios and Amphitrité, or of Poseidon and Amphitrité, or lastly of Oceanus. From her the island of Rhodes is said to have derived its name, and in this island she bore to Helios seven sons ( Pind. Ol. vii.72 ).

Curotrophos " Nurse of children." The title of several Greek goddesses  for instance, Gaea  who were regareded as protectresses of youth. Cf. Hesiod, Theog. 450; Macrob. Saturn. i.10, 19, 20.

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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