Tuesday, November 27, 2012

M. E. XIV

Aenus (1) A town in Thrace, near the mouth of the Hebrus, said by Vergil to have been founded by Aeneas. (2) A river in Rhaetia, now the Inn.

Cydippe [L., fr. Gr. Kydippē.] 1. Gr.& Rom. Myth. An Athenian maiden at whose feet a lover, Acontius, threw an apple bearing the words "I swear by the sanctuary of Artemis that I will wed Acontius." Having read the words aloud she was held by the goddess as pledged to Acontius.

Erechtheus [L., fr. Gr. Erechtheus, lit., the Render, fr. erechthein to rend, break.] Gr. Myth. A king of Athens, son of Gaea and Hephaestus. He was the reputed founder of the Erechtheum, the founder of the Panathenaea, and the inventor of the four-wheeled chariot. In obediance to an oracle he sacrificed his youngest daughter to save Athens from the Eleusinians. Cf. ERICHTHONIUS.

Taenarus A son of Elatus and Erimede, from whom the promontory and town of Taenarum, in Laconia, were believed to have their name. ( Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 102; comp. Paus. iii. 14.§ 2; Steph. Byz. s.c.)

Lamedon A son of Coronus, and husband of Pheno, by whom he became the father of Zeuxippe. He was the successor of Epopeus in the kingdom of Sicyon. ( Paus. ii. 5, in fin., 6, 2.)

Anadyomené An epithet of Aphrodité ( q.v.)

Polymestor A Thracian king. He murdered Polydorus, the son of Priam, who had been intrusted to his protection, and was blinded by Hecuba and the captive Trojan women. See POLYDORUS.

Cerealia 2. in Roman antiquities, festivals in honor of Ceres, the goddess of agriculture.

Phegeus A king of Psophis in Arcadia. He was the father of Arsinoë, Pronous, Agenor, Temonus, and Axion. He purified Alcmaeon ( q. v.) after he had slain his mother and gave him Arsinoë ( or Alphesiboea ) in marriage. Alcmaeon presented her with the necklace and peplus of Harmonia; but wishing to get them back for his new wife, Callirrhoë; He was slain by the sons of Phegeus at their father's bidding. The sons of Alcmaeon then put Phegeus to death ( Pausan. vii. 17; ix. 41, 2; Apollod. iii. 7, 6 ).

Janus-faced 1. having two faces, one looking forward, one looking backward, as the Roman deity Janus.

Tritonis ( in ancient geography ) a mythical lake near the Mediterranean coast of Libya.

Lavinia Rom. Legend. the daughter of Latinus and  second wife of Aeneas. 2. a female given name.

Orion In Greek and Roman mythology, a giant hunter who pursued the Pleiades and was killed by Diana n. A constellation, containing the bright star Rigel.  [ < L< Gk. ]

Apollonian adj.1. Gk. & Rom. Myth. Of or relating to Apollo or his cult. 2. Often apollonian. Clear, harmonious, and restrained.

Postverta or Postvorta A goddess presiding over childbirth who was invoked when the infant was born feet first ( Varro, ap. Gell. xvi. 16, 4 ). See ANTEVORTA; CARMENTA.

Alcaids Class. Myth. the descendants of Alcaeus.

Iacchus The solemn name of Bacchus in the Lesser Eleusinian Mysteries, whose name was derived from the boisterous song called Iacchus. In these mysteries Iacchus  was regarded as the son of Zeus and Demeter, and was distinguished from the Theban Bacchus ( Dionysus ), the son of Zeus and Semelé. In some traditions Iacchus is even called a son of Bacchus, but in others the two are identified. See the chapter on " Dionysus at Athens" in Dyer's Gods in Greece ( Lond. and N. Y. 1891 ); and the articles DIONYSUS; ELEUSINIA.

Zeuxippe 1. The wife of Pandion, the king of Attica, and mother of Erechtheus, Butes, Procne and Philomela ( Table 11 ). She was the sister-in-law of her own mother, the Naiad Praxithea, who married Erechtheus. 2. The daughter of Lamedon, King of Sicyon ( Table 22 ). She married Sicyon, by whom she had a daughter Chthonophyle. 3. The daughter of Hippocoon. She married Antiphates, the son of Melampus, and by him had two sons: Oecles and Amphalces ( Table 1 ).

Melanthius (1) A goat-herd of Odysseus.

Iphitus Class. Myth. a son of Eurytus, thrown to his death off the walls of Tiryns by Hercules. Also, Iphitos.

Ammonian horn, the Gr. Myth. a A horno f plenty. b A horn-shaped tract of fertile land given by Ammon, king of Libya, to Amalthaea, the mother of Bacchus.

Idothea [NL., fr. Gr. Eidothea a sea goddess.]

Tegeates A son of Lycaon, and the reputed founder of Tegea in Arcadia. ( Paus. viii. 3. § 1, 45. § 1.) His tomb was shown at Tegea. ( Paus. viii. 48 § 4.).

Ocypete The name of two mythical beings, one a Danaid, and the other a Harpy. ( Apollod. ii. 1. § 5; Hes. Theog. 267.)

Haliacmon A son of Oceanus and Tethys, was a river god of Macedonia. ( Hes. Theog. 341.; Strab. vii. p. 330.).

Panophaeus The author of all signs and omens; a surname of Zeus ( Il. viii. 250 ).

Aex (1) A rocky island between Telos and Chios, so called from its having the shape of a goat ( cîξ ). (2) The goat Amalthea ( q. v.) that suckled Zeus, and became a constellation under the name of Aex.

Ialmenus The son of Ares and Astyoché and brother of Ascalaphus. He was one of the Argonauts and a suiter of Helen. After the destruction of Troy, he wandered about with his followers, the Orchomenians, and founded colonies in Colchis.

Epopeus [Gr. Epōpeus.] Gr. Myth. The king of Sicyon with whom Antiope found refuge.

Pactolus [L., fr. Gr. Paktōlos.] A river of Lydia in Asia Minor which yielded gold-bearing sand. A Greek legend attributed the gold to Midas, who by bathing in the river was freed from the curse of the golden touch ( See MIDAS).

Alebion Class. Myth. a son of Poseidon who, with his brother Dercynus, was killed by Hercules while attempting to steal the cattle that Hercules had taken from Geryon. Also Albion.

Icaris and Icariotis Names given to Penelopé, as daughter of Icarius.

Aulis An ancient town in Boeotia, on the Gulf of Euboea; traditional site of the embarkation of the Greeks for the Trojan War.

Alexandra 2. Class. Myth. Cassandra ( def. 1).

Antinous In the Odyssey, the most insistant of Penelope's suiters and the first to be slain by Odysseus.

Dolius A slave of Penelopé who, with his six sons, welcomed Odysseus home and joined him against the suiters ( Odys. xxiv. 498 ).

Hypseus A son of Peneüs and Creüsa. He was king of the Lapithae ( q.v.) and father of Cyrené.

Melia A nymph, daughter of Oceanus, who became by Inachus the mother of Phoroneus and Aegialeus; by Silenus, the mother of the centaur Pholus ( q. v.); by Poseidon the mother of Amycus; and by Apollo, the mother of Ismenus and of the prophet Tenerus. She was worshipped at Thebes in the Ismenium.

Cranaë The island to which Paris first carried Helen from Peloponnesus. Its location is uncertain, but some identify it with Cythera.

Alcon Class. Myth.1. a noted archer who helped Hercules abduct the cattle of Geryon. 2. a Trojan warrior who wounded Odysseus whil trying to seize the body of Achilles and who was later killed by Odysseus.

Icarus In Greek mythology, the son of Daedalus, who, escaping with his father from Crete by means of artificial wings, flew so high that the sun melted the wax that fastened the wings and he fell into the sea and drowned.  Icarian adj.

Eucleia A festival celebrated at Corinth in honour of Artemis. It is mentioned only by Xenophon ( Hell. iv. 4 & 2 ), and no particulars are known about it.

Atlantean adj.1. Pertaining to Atlas. 2. Pertaining to Atlantis. Also Atlantian.

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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