Friday, November 23, 2012

M. E. XII

Nysaen Nymphs Class. Myth. the nymphs who cared for the infant Dionysus on Nysa. Also called Nyseides.

Aras 2. Class. Myth. the first king of Phliasia.

Iphias Evadné, a daughter of Iphis, and wife of Capaneus.

Chrysaor Son of Poseidon and Medusa, brother of Pegasus, and father of the three headed giant Geryon and Echidna by the ocean nymph Callirrhoë.

Sospita " the saving goddess." A surname of Iuno at Lanuvium and at Rome, in both of which places she had a temple. See IUNO.

Cyllarus A beautiful Centaur, killed at the wedding-feast of Pirithoüs ( q. v. ).

Achates In Vergil's Aeneid, the faithful friend of Aeneas n. Any loyal companion.

Lamia In Greek mythology, a queen of Libya, beloved of Zeus, who was robbed of her children by Hera and took revenge by killing the children of others.

Floralia in Roman mythology, festive ceremonies held in honor of Flora.

Orpheus In Greek mythology, the son of a Muse ( usually Calliope ), whose singing to the lyre could charm beasts and even rocks and trees. When his wife Eurydice died, he was permitted to lead her back from Hades provided he did not turn to look at her until they had arrived in the upper world, but he did look back and she was lost.  Orphean adj.

Leros A small island, one of the Sporades, opposite to the mouth of the Sinus Iassius, on the coast of Caria ( Herod. v. 125 ). Here the sisters of Meleager were said to have been transformed into guinea pigs ( μελεαγιδεζ ). See MELEAGER.

Laomedontiadae A patronymic given to the Trojans from Laomedon ( q. v. ) their king ( Verg. Aen. iii. 248 ).

Tlepolemus A son of Heracles by Astyoché, daughter of Phylas, or by Astydamia, daughter of Amynor. He was king of Argos, but, after slaying his uncle Licymnius, he was obliged to take flight, and, in conformity with the command of an oracle, he settled in Rhodes, where he built the towns of Lindos, Ialysus, and Camiras. He joined the Greeks in the Trojan War with nine ships, but was slain by Sarpedon ( Il. ii. 658; v. 627 ).

Leuca A town at the extremity of the Iapygian Promontory in Calabria with a foul-smelling spring, under tradition made the giants slain by Heracles to have been buried ( Strabo, p. 281 ).

Arcas Class. Myth. a son of Zeus and Callisto, the ancestor of the Arcadians who was set among the stars with his mother as the Little Bear and the Greater Bear respectively.

Caeculus [L.] Rom. Myth. A son of Vulcan and founder of Praeneste.

Tydides Greek Legend. Diomedes.

Pelides the daughters of Pelias ( q. v. ).

Iasus 1. An Arcadian, son of Lycurgus and Cleophile or Eurynome, brother of Ancaeus, husband of Clymene, the daughter of Minyas, and father of Atalanta. He is likewise called Iasius and Iasion. 2. Father of Amphion, and king of the Minyans. 3. Son of Triopas, grandson of Phorbas, brother of Agenor, and father of Io, according to one account, was king of Argos. 4. Son of Sphelus, a leader of the Athenians before Troy, slain by Aeneas.

Glaucus [L., fr. Gr. Glaukos.] 1. Gr. Myth. a A sea divinity who became immortal by tasting magic grass. He is said to have been the helmsman of the Argo. b A son of Sisyphus, torn to pieces by his own mares. c A son of Minos and Pasiphaë, smothered by falling into a vessel of honey, but afterwords restored to life. d A Lycian prince, an ally of the Trojans, who, meeting Diomedes in battle, as a mark of the ancient friendship of their houses, exchanged his golden armor for the brazen armor of Diomedes, -an act proverbial for an unequal exchange.

Hyllus Son of Hercules by Deianira. For details, vid. Heraclidae.

Picus an ancient Italian god of agriculture.

Ascanius In Roman legend, son of Aeneas and Creusa and ancestor of the Caesars: also called Iulus.

Semele In Greek mythology, the mother of Dionysus by Zeus. She was destroyed by lightning when she asked to see Zeus as he appeared to the gods.

Euphorbus A Trojan, son of Panthoüs, renowned for his valour. He wounded Patroclus, and was killed by Menelaüs ( Il. xvii. 60 ). Pausanias relates ( ii.17 ) that in the temple of Heré, near Mycenae, a votive shield was shown, said to that of Euphorbus, suspended there by Menelaus. Pythagoras, who maintained the transmigration of souls, declared that, in the time of the Trojan War, his soul had animated the body of Euphorbus; and as a proof of the truth of his assertion, he is said to have gone into the temple where the shield was hanging, and to have recogized and taken it down ( Hor. Carm. 28. ii ).

Otus One of the two Aloadae. See ALOADAE.

Oileus The son of Hodoedocus and Laonomé, grandson of Cynus, and great-grandson of Opus, was a king of the Locrians, and married to Eriopis, by whom he became the father of Aiax, who is hence called Oilides, Oïliades, and Aiax Oilei. Oileus was also the father of Medon by Rhené. He is mentioned among the the Argonauts.

Summanus An ancient Etruscan deity of the nocturnal heavens, to whom was ascribed thunder by night, as that by day was ascribed to Iupiter. He had a chapel on the Capitol, and his image in terra-cotta stood on the pediment of the great temple. Besides this, he had a temple near the Circus Maximus, where on the 20th of June an annual sacrifice was offered to him. His true significance became in later times so obscure that his name was falsely explained as meaning the highest of the Manes ( summus Manium ) and equivalent to Dis pater, or the Greek Pluto ( Varro, L. L. v. 74; Cic. De Div. i. 10; Pliny, H. N. xxix. 57 ).

Garganus A son of Zeus, from whom the town and mountain of Gargara in Mysia were believed to have derived their name. (Steph. Byz. s.v. Garguara.)

Janus 1. an ancient Roman god of doorways, of beginnings, and of the rising and setting of the sun, usually represented as having one head with two bearded faces back to back, looking in opposite directions. 2. Astron. a moon of the planet Saturn, located just outside the rings.  [< L, special use of jānus doorway, archway, arcade]

Merops ( in the Iliad) a Percosian augur who foresaw and unsuccessfully tried to prevent the death of his sons in the Trojan War.

Dido In Roman legend, a Tyrian princess, founder and queen of Carthage. In the Aeneid, she falls in love with Aeneas and kills herself when he leaves her.

Parthenope In Greek legend, one of the Sirens, who, unable to charm Odysseus by her singing, cast herself into the sea.  [< Gk. Parthenopē ]

a-1898 Harper's Dict. of Class. Literature & Antiquities

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