Wednesday, November 28, 2012

M. E. XV

Andromeda Galaxy Astron. a spiral galaxy, appearing to the naked eye as a fuzzy oval patch in the constellation Andromeda; it is a close neighbor to our galaxy.

Ossa A mountain in eastern Thessaly, Greece; 6, 490 ft; in Greek mythology, the giant sons of Poseidon attempted to scale Olympus by piling Pelion on Ossa.

Alexiacacus Class. Myth. an epithet of Apollo, meaning " averter of evil," in reference to his dispelling a plague that afflicted the Athenian forces in the Peloponnesian War.

Icarian Sea In ancient times, the Aegean Sea off the coast of Asia Minor, where Icarus was supposed to have drowned.

Labdacus A son of Polydorus by Nycteïs, the daughter of Nycteus, king of Thebes. His father and mother died during his childhood, and he was left to the care of Nycteus, who, at his death, left his kingdom in the hands of Lycus, with orders to restore it to Labdacus as soon as of age. On succeeding to the throne, Labdacus, like Pentheus ( q.v.), opposed the cult of Bacchus, and underwent a similar fate. He was father to Laïus, and his descendants were called Labdacidae. See LAÏUS.

Appias A nymph of the Appian Well in the Forum of Iulius Caesar, near the temple of Venus Genetrix, and surrounded by statues of nymphs called Appiades. a name also given to prostitutes living in that vicinity ( Ovid, A. A. ii. 452 ).

Niflheim In Norse mythology, the world of eternal chill, fog, and darkness; the realm of Hel. Also Nifelheim. [< ON < nifl fog + heimr world ]

Niobe In Greek mythology, the mother whose children were killed by Apollo and Artemis after she had vaunted their superiority to Leto. She was turned by Zeus into a stone from which tears continued to flow.

Antilochus [L., fr. Gr. Antilochus.] A son of Nestor and friend of Achilles, to whom he broke the news of Patroclus's death ( Iliad XVIII ).

Manto (1) The daughter of the seer Tiresias, and herself a prophetess, at first of the Ismenian Apollo at Thebes. After the capture of the town by the Epigoni she was presented to the oracle at Delphi as part of the booty, and sent by the god to Asia, in order to found the oracle of the Clarian Apollo in the neighbourhood of what was afterwords Colophon. Here she bore Mopsus ( q. v.) to the Cretan seer Rhacius. (3) The daughter of Heracles and also a prophetess. From her the town of Mantua received its name ( Verg. Aen. x. 199 ).

Belus [L., fr. Gr. Bēlus.] 1. Class. Myth. a A son of Libya, father of Aegyptus, Danaüs, Cepheus, and Phineus. b A king of Tyre, father of Dido. 2. A legendary king of Assyria, father of Ninus.

Damia Class. Myth. a spirit of fertility.

Alcimedon Class. Myth.1. an Arcadian hero whose daughter, Philao, was seduced by Hercules. 2. ( in the Iliad ) a son of Laerces who was a captain of the Myrmidons under Patroclus.

Leucosia or Leucasia The modern Piana; a small island in the south of the Gulf of Paestum, off the coast of Lucania, said to have been called after one of the Sirens.

Ino Class. Myth. a sea goddess who rescued Odysseus from drowning by giving him a magic veil.

Scilla A town at the NE end of the Strait of Messina, southern Italy, on a small promontory supposed to be the site of the cave of the legendary Scylla.

Timandra 1. A daughter of Tyndareus and Leda, and the wife of Echemus, by whom she became the mother of Euandrus. (Apollod. iii. 10.§ 6; Paus. viii. 5. & 1; Serv. ad Aen. viii. 130.) 2. Another mythical figure personage of this name is mentioned by Antonius Liberalis (5).

Naubolus 1. A son of Lernus and the father of Clytoneus, was king of Tanagra in Boeotia. (Apollod. Rhod. i. 135, &c., 208 Orph. Argon. 144. ; Lycoph. 1068.) 2. A son of Ornythus, and father of Iphitus, was king of Phocis. (Hom. Il. ii. 518; Apollod. i. 9. § 16.)

Telegonus In Greek legend, the son of Odysseus and Circe, who unknowingly killed his father in Ithaca and married Penelope, his father's widow.

Eleusis In Greek mythology, the son of Hermes.

Palamedes [L., fr. Gr. Palamēdēs.] A hero of the Trojan War ( in post-Homeric poets ) who was slain treacherously by the Greeks, or, accordin to one version, by Odysseus in revenge for Palamedes's detection of his feignec madness.

Talaüs The son of Bias and Pero, and king of Argos. He was married to Lysimaché ( Eurynomé or Lysianassa ), and was father of Adrastus, Parthenopaeus, Pronax, Mecistus, Aristomachus, and Eriphylé. The patronymic Talaionides is given to his sons Adrastus, and Mecistus ( Il. ii. 566 ).

Acestes [L., form of Gr.  Aigēstes.] Gr. Myth. A son of a river god and a Trojan woman, who appears in the Aeneid.

goat-god The god Pan.

Agamedes Son of Ergius of Orchomenus, and a famous builder, with his brother Trophonius ( q.v.).

Endymion In Greek mythology, a beautiful youth loved by Selene and granted eternal youth through eternal sleep.

Charybdis In Greek mythology, a monster dwelling in a whirlpool on the Sicilian coast opposite the cave of Scylla; also, the whirlpool. See SCYLLA.

Entellus A Sicilian who, though advanced in years, entered the lists against the Trojan Dares and conquered him in a pugillistic encounter ( Verg. Aen. v. 387. foll.).

Sisyphean adj.1 Of or pertaining to Sisyphus. 2. Difficult and intermediate: a Sisyphean task.

Aegides A patronymic applied to Theseus, son of Aegeus.

Metis Class. Myth. a Titaness, the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys and the mother of Athena by Zeus. Zeus swallowed Metis, and Athena was born from his head.

Nestor In Greek legend, a king of Pylos and one of the Argonauts, the oldest and wisest Greek chief in the Trojan War.  n. Any wise old man.

Midgard serpent Scand. Myth. a serpent, the child of Loki and Angerboda, who lies wrapped around the world, tail in mouth, and destined to kill and to be killed by Thor at Ragnarok; Jormungand.

echidna [L., a viper, fr. Gr. echidna.] 1. [cap.] Gr. Myth. A monster, half woman, half serpent, mother of the Sphinx, the Chimeras, and other monsters.

Hellen [Gr. Hellēn.] a Gr. Myth. The eponymous founder of the Hellenic race. He was a son of Deucalion; his sons, Aeolus and Dorus, were ancestors of the Aeolians and Dorians respectively. A third son, Xuthus, was stepfather of Ion, ancestor of the Ionians. b Var. of HELLEN.

Vica Pota [L.,  fr. vicere to conquer + potiri to gain power over.] Rom. Relig. A goddess of victory, one of the di indigetes ( see DI ).

Lichas [Gr.] Gr. Myth. A friend and companion of Hercules, who brought him the fatal tunic sent by DeiAnita, and was thrown into the sea by Hercules. See HERCULES.

Acastus [L., fr. Gr. Akastos.] Gr. Myth. One of the Argonauts, the son of King Pelias of Iolcus.

mormo [Gr. mormō. See FORMIDABLE.] Gr. Myth. An imaginary bugbear; esp., a hideous she-monster with which mothers or nurses frighten children.

favonian adj.1. Of or relating to Favonius. 2. Soft and gentle: a favonian breeze; also, propitious.

Querquetulanae Or Querquctultanae virae, nymphs presiding over the green oak forests, near the porta quequetularia, or quequetulana, were believed to be possessed of prophetic powers. ( Festus, p. 261, ed. Müller; Plin. H. N. xvi. 10, 15. § 37.) It should be observed that the  word vira is the feminine of vir, and signifies women. Hence virugo or viryo.

Methymna A daughter of Macar and wife of Lesbus, from whom the town of Methymna derived its name. ( Diod. v. 81; Steph. Byz. s. v.

Nereid In Greek mythology, one of the fifty daughters of Nereus, sea nymphs who attend Poseidon.   [< L Nereis, -idis < Gk. Nērēis < Nēreus ]

Tartarus 1. In Greek mythology, the abyss below Hades where Zeus confined the Titans. 2. Hades; hell.

Iolcus An ancient city in Thessaly, NE Greece, near modern Volos; traditionally the home of Jason.

Horatii In Roman legend, three Roman brothers who fought and killed the Curiatii, three brothers from Alba Longa.

Pieria A coastal region of ancient Macedon, at the base of Mount Olympus, legendary birthplace of the nine Muses.  Pierian adj.

Amphrysian adj. Of or pert. to the Amphrysus, a river of Thessaly; hence, pert. to Apollo, who fed the herds of Admetus near this river ( See ALCESTIS ).

Cadmeïs An ancient name of Boeotia ( q.v.), and of Thebes ( Hes. Op. 161 ). It is also applied to Semelé ( q.v.).

a-1964 Standard College Dictionary

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