Wednesday, April 12, 2017

M. E. XL

Fides [L. See FAITH.] Rom. Relig. Faith; goddess of the virtue of good faith; called also || Fides publica ( the Public Faith ), or || Fides populi Romani ( Faith of the Roman People ). Her cult was especially ditrected to honoring the solemn pledge of the right hand. The Dius Fidius was another god of good faith, sometimes regarded as a form of Jupiter.

Levana [LL., fr. levare to raise.] Rom. Relig. The goddess of childbirth, who lifted newborn infants from the ground.

Porsena, Lars A possibly legendary king of the Etruscan Clusium, who conquered Rome after the expulsion of the Tarqun. He is the subject of several legends told by Livy, Tacitus, and Pliny, and of a poem by Macauley.

Calauria [L., fr. Gr. Kalauria.] Gr. Antiq. An island near the coast of Argolis, which according to myth, Poseidon received from Leto in exchange for Delos. It was the center of a religious league in the 7th century B. C.

Antenor [L., fr. Gr. Antēnōr.] 1. A Trojan who, in Homer's Iliad, advises the return of Helen to Menelaus. 2. A Trojan commander in Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde and in Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida. See TROILUS.

Tiberinus [L.] Rom. Myth.  A legendary king of Alba Longa who was drowned in the river Tiber, of which he became the god.

Ara [Gr.] Gr. Myth. A goddess of vengeance or destruction.

Phemonoë [L., fr. Gr. Phēmonoē.] Gr. Myth. The first Pythia and the mythical inventor of hexameter verse.

Cottus [Gr. Kottos.] One of the Hecatocheires.

Musaeus [Gr. Mousaios.] A legendary Greek poet, traditonally connected with Orpheus and with the Eleusinian mysteries.

Jugatinus [LL.] Roman Relig. A god of marriage.

Phyteus [L. Pythias. See PYTHIAN.] The Pythian god, Apollo.

Herse [L., fr. Gr. Hersē.] Gr. Relig. Originally a goddess of the dew, in myth one of the three daughters of Cecrops to whom Athena gave a box. Two of them, Herse and Aglauros, yielding to curiosity opened the box, found a snake within, and threw themselves from the Acropolis.

Theagens and Charicleia [Gr. Theagenēs, Charikleia.]  A pair of lovers in the Ethiopica, a Greek romance by Heliodorus ( ?4th century ). Theagenes, a Thessalian, and Charicleia, an Ethiopian princess ignoranto of her early history and rank, meet in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, and after wonderful adventures finally marry and rule Ethiopia.

Antiope [Gr. Antiopē.] Gr. Myth. 1. A Theban princess, wife of Lycus, and mother by Zeus of Amphion and Zethus, who were left to be brought up by herdsmen. Maltreated by Dirce, whom Lycus had married after dismissing Antiope, she fled and unknowingly took refuge with her sons. Dirce ordered the young men to tie her to the horns of a wild bull, but, discovering that Antiope was their mother, so they treated Dirce instead. 2. An Amazon, sometimes called queen of the Amazons, whom Theseus married. She was the mother of Hippolytus.

Philoctetes [L., fr. Gr. Philoktētēs.] A warrior who, for lighting the pyre of Hercules received as a heritage the hero's invincible bow and arrows. He joined the Greeks against Troy, but was bitten by a serpent, foully infected, and abandonedcat Lemnos. As it was prophesied that Troy could only be conquered by the arrows of Hercules, Diomedes  ( or, in the tragedy of Sophocles, Odysseus and Neoptolemus ) went to fetch him. After his wound had healed and he had slain Paris, Troy fell. His story was treated in tragedies by Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles, of which only that by Sophocles is extant.

Dictynna [L., fr. Gr. Diktynna.] Gr. Relig. A Cretan goddess, protector of hunters and seafarers, sometimes identified with Artemis. Late mythology combined her attributes with those of anothef Cretan goddess, Britomartis, who also came to be called Dictynna.

Idaean adj. [L. Idaeus, fr. Gr. Idaios, fr. Gr. Idē, L. Ida.] Gr. Myth. Pertaining to, or dwelling on, Mt. Ida. One of the two Mt. Idas anciently famous, the one in Crete was connected with Rhea, the other in Asia Minor with Cybele. As these goddesses became confounded, Idaean Mother ( orig, a local form of Cybele ) was appliec now to one, now to the other. Similarly, the Asiatic Idaean Dactyls ( local counterparts of the Corybantes ) were sometimes placed in Crete by classic writers. See GREAT MOTHER.

Typhoeus [Gr. Typhoēus, Typhōs.] Gr. Myth. A monster, according to Hesiod a son of Tartarus and Gaea, or of Hera alone, having a hundred hands with fearful eyes and voices. He begot the unfavorable or dangerous winds and tried to gain the sovereignty of gods and men, but was conquered by Zeus with a thunderbolt and buried under Mt. Etna. Lster he is identufied with Typhon ( which see ).

Fornax [L., furnace, oven. See FURNACE.] 1. Rom. Relig. Goddess of ovens, whose feast, Fornicalia, was held in February one day for the state, on successive days for the different curiae, and on Feb. 17, in the Stultorum feriae ( festival of fools ), for all sho had missed their proper day.

Pelias [L., fr. Gr. Pelias.] Gr. Myth. A king of Iolcus. He sent Jason after the Golden Fleece, and after Jason's return was cut to pieces and boiled by his own daughters, whom Medea had told that he might thus be restored to youth. His son Acastus drove Jason and Medea out of the country. See JASON, 1.; MEDEA.

Typhon [L., fr. Gr. Typhōn. See TYPHOON.] Gr. & Rom. Myth. A monstr, according to Hesod the son of Typhoeus and the father by Echidna of Cerberus, the Chimera, the Sphinx, and other monsters. Later he is identified with Typhoeus Nd by the Greeks with the Egyptian Set.

Asclepiadae [L., fr. Gr. Asclēpiadai.] Gr. & Rom. Antiq. An association of alleged descendants of Asclepius, practicing the art of healing; later, a school of training for physicians.

helmet of Hades A magic helmet worn by Perseus, making him invisible. Cf. TARNHELM.

a-Webster's Inernational Dictionary 2nd Edition, Unabridged 1938

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