Wednesday, March 4, 2015

M. E. XXXVII

Erigone [L., fr. Gr. Ērigonē.] Gr. Myth. Daughter of Icarus, eponymous hero of the Attic deme Icaria. In grief at the murder of her father she hanged herself.

Asterion 1. A son of Teutamus, and king of the Cretans, who married Europa after she had been carried to Crete by Zeus. He also brought up the three sons, Minos, Sarpedon, and Rhadamanthys whom she had by the father of the gods. ( Apollod. iii. 1. § 2, &c.; Diod. iv. 60.) 2. A son of Cometes, Pyremus, or Priscus, by Antigone, the daughter of Pheres. He is mentioned as one of the Argonauts. ( Apollon. Rhod. i. 35; Paus. v. 17. § 4; Hygin. Fab. 14; Valer. Flacc. i. 355.) 3. A river-god [ see ACRAEA]. 4. A son of Minos, who was slain by Theseus. ( Paus. ii. 31. § 1.)

Palinurus [L., fr. Gr. Palinouros.] 1. In Vergil's Aeneid, Aeneas's pilot, who fell asleep at the helm, and tumbled into the sea off the coast of Lucania, where he he was murdered by the natives. From him is said to be derived the name of Cape Palinurus, near the spot.

Callirhoë [L., fr. Gr. Kallirhoē, fr. kallirrhoos, kalliroos, beautiful-flowing, fr. kalli- beautiful + rhein to flow.] 1. Gr. Myth. a The wife of Alcmaeon and the cause of his death through her covetous wish to possess the famed necklace of Harmonia. b An ocean nymph, wife of Chrysaor.

Agoraios [Gr., fr. agora market place.] Gr. Relig. Hermes, as god of the market place and of trade.

Taras A son of Poseidon by a nymph, is said to have traversed the sea from the promontory of Taenarum to the south of Italy, riding on a dolphin, and to have founded Tarentum in Italy ( Paus. x. 10.§ 4, 13. § 5 ), where he was worshipped as a hero. ( Strab. vi. p. 279.)

Rhene 1. A nymph of the island of Samothrace, the mother of Saon by Hermes. 2. The mother of Medon by Oileus. [ See OILEUS, No. 2.]

Taphius A son of Poseidon and Hippothoë, was the father of Pterelaus. He led a colony to Taphos, and called the inhabitants Teleboans. ( Apollod. ii. 4. § 5.).

Narcaeus A son of Dionysus and Narcaea, established a sanctuary of Athena Narcaea in Elis, and also introduced there the worship of Dionysus. ( Paus. v. 16. § 5.).

Xenodice 1. A daughter of Minos and Pasiphaë. ( Apollod. iii. 1. § 2.) 2. A daughter of Syleus, at Aulis, was slain by Heracles, together with her. ( Apollod. ii. 6. § 3.) 3. A captive Trojan woman. ( Paus. x. 26. § 1.)

Camarina An Oceanid nymph, the eponym of the Sicilian town of Camarina.

Pleuron A son of Aetolus and Pronoe, and brother of Calydon, was married to Xanthippe, by whom he became the father of Agenor, Sterope, Stratonice, and Laophone. He is said to have founded the town of Pleuron in Aetolia, but he had a heroum at Sparta. ( Apollod. i. 7. § 7; Paus. iii. 13. § 5.)

Iaeira 1. One of the daughters of Nereus and Doris ( Hom. Il. xviii. 42; Hygin. Fab. Praefat.) 2. Another person of this name occurs in Virg. Aen. ix. 673.

Targitaus A son of Zeus by a daughter of Borysthenes, was believed to be the ancestor of all the Scythians. ( Herod. iv. 5.)

Isander A son of Bellerophon, killed by Ares in the fight with the Solymi. ( Hom. Il. vi. 197; Strab. xii. p. 573, xiii. p. 630 )

Boebus A son of Glaphyrus, from whom the Thessalian town of Boebe derived its name. ( Steph. Byz. s. v. Boibê.)

Damasen A Lydian giant who slew a dragon. He was a son of Gaea.

Xenodamas A son of Menelaus and the nymph Cnossia.

Caieta According to some accounts, the nurse of Aeneas ( Virg. Aen. vii. 1; Ov. Met. xiv. 442 ), and, according to others, the nurse of Creusa or Ascanius. ( Serv. ad Aen. 1. c.) The promontory of Caieta, as well as the port and town of this name on the western coast of Italy, were believed to have been called after her. ( Klausen, Aeneas u. d.  Penat. p. 1044, &c.)

Upis 1. A surname of Artemis, as the goddess assisting women in child-birth ( Callim. Hymn. in Dian. 240.) 2. The name of a mythical being said to have reared Artemis ( Schol. ad Callim. l. c.), and who is mentioned by Virgil as one of the nymphs in her train. ( Aen. xi. 532.) The masculine Upis is mentioned by Cicero ( De Nat. Deor. iii. 23 ), as the father of Artemis. 3. A Hyperborean maiden, who together with Arge carried an offspring, which had been vowed for the birth of Apollo and Artemis, to Ilithyia, at Delos. ( Herod. iv. 35.). 4. A surname of Nemesis at Rhamnus. ( Paus. i. 33. § 2.)

Scaeus One of the sons of Hippocoon. ( Paus. iii. 14. § 7; Herod. v. 60; Apollod. iii. 10. § 5; comp. HIPPOCOON.)

Deiopea A fair Lydian nymph, who belonged to the suite of Hera, and whom she promised as a reward to Aeolus if he would assist her in destroying the fleet of Aeneas. ( Virg. Aen. 1. 72.)

Anthracia An Arcadian nymph, one of the nurses of Zeus. [ See MYRTOESSA.]

Caanthus A son of Oceanus and brother of Melia. He was sent by his father in search of his sister who had been carried off, and when he found that she was in the possession of Apollo, and that it was impossible to rescue her from his hands, he threw fire into the sacred grove of Apollo, called the Ismenium. The god then killed Caanthus with an arrow. His tomb was shown by the Thebans on the spot where he had been killed, near the river Ismenius. ( Paus. ix. 10. § 5.)

Rhanis A nymph in the train of the goddess Artemis.

Hebrus A Thracian river-god. [ See ABARIS.]

Gelanor King of Argos, who was expelled by Danaus. ( Paus. ii. 16. § 1, 19. § 2, &c., Apollod. ii. 1. § 4; compare DANAUS.)

Astacus 1. A son of Poseidon and the nymph Olbia, from whom the town of Astacus in Bithynia, which was afterwords called Nicomedia, derived its name. ( Arrian. ap. Steph. Byz. s. v.; Paus. v. 12. § 5; Strab. xii. p. 563.)

Echephron 1. A son of Heracles and Psophis, the daughter of Xanthus or Eryx. He was twin-brother of Promachus, and both had a heroum at Psophis. ( Paus. viii. 24. § § 1, 3.) 2. A son of Nestor by Eurydice or Anaxibia. ( Hom. Od. iii. 413; Apollod. i. 9. § 9.) 3. A third Echephron is mentioned in Apollodorus. ( iii. 12. § 5.)

Azeus A son of Clymenus of Orchomenos, was brother of Erginus, Stratius, Arrhon, and Pyleus, father of Actor and grandfather of Astyoche. ( Hom. Il. ii. 513; Paus. ix. 37. § 2.) He went with his brothers under the command of Erginus, the eldest, against Thebes, to take vengeance for the murder of his father, who had been slain by the Thebans at a festival of the Onchestian Poseidon. [ See ERGINUS and CLYMENUS.]

Bura A daughter of Ion, the ancestral hero of the Ionians, and Helice, from whom the Achaean town of Bura derived its name. ( Paus. vii. 25. § 5; Steph. Byz. s. v.)

Maeandrus A son of Oceanus and Tethys, and the god of the winding river Maeander in Phrygia. He was the father of Cyanea and Caunus, who is hence called Maeandrius. ( Hes. Theog. 339; Ov. Met. ix. 450, 473.)

Neda An Arcadian nymph, from whom the river Neda and also a town ( Steph. Byz. s. v. ) derived its name. She was believed, conjointly with Theisoa and Hagno, to have nursed the infant Zeus ( Callim. Hymn. in Jov. 38; Paus. viii. 38. § 3 ). In a Messenian tradition Neda and Ithome were called nurses of Zeus ( Paus. iv. 33. § 2 ). She was represented at Athens in the temple of Athena. ( Paus. viii. 47. § 2.)

Illissus The god of an Athenian stream.

Phoetius A giant who battled Hera in the war of the Gigantes.

a-www.mythindex.com (04/10/2015)

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