Monday, January 13, 2014

M. E. XXXV

Campe a monster which guarded the Cyclopes in Tartarus, was killed by Jupiter ( Zeus ) when he wanted the assistance of the Cyclopes against the Titans.

Cercopes [L., fr. Gr. Kerkopēs.] Gr. Myth. Thievish dwarves captured by Hercules.

Alastor [L., fr. Gr. Alastōr, fr. a- not + lathesthai to forget.] 1. Gr. Relig. a An epithet of Zeus and of other gods as avenging spirits. b An avenging deity; also, an avenging spirit of one who has been murdered. 2. In medieval demonology, vengeance personified. 3. Title of a poem by Shelley ( 1816 ).

Meilichios adj. Epithet of Zeus. See ZEUS.

Venulus a Latin chieftain ( according to Servius, originally from Argos ), sent by Turnus to Diomedes to persuade him to lend aid against Aeneas and the Trojans: he was subsequently captured by Tarchon, and carried off the field after a fierce struggle.

Acca a companion of the Volscian heroine Camilla.

Polycaste A sister of Daedalus whose son, Talos, was killed by his uncle. When Polycaste heard about her son's death she hanged herself. According to some versions, her soul was eventually responsible for avenging Talos's death by causing that of Daedalus's son, Icarus.

Autesion A son of Tisamenus, grandson of Thersander, and great-grandson of Polyneices. He is called the father of Theras and Argeia, by the latter of whom Aristodamus became the father of Eurystheus and Process. He was a native of Thebes, where he had succeeded his father as king, but at the command of an oracle he went to Peloponnesus and joined the Dorians. (  Apollod. ii. 8. § 2; Paus. iii. 15. § 4, 3. § 3, ix. 5 8; Herod. iv. 147, vi. 52; Strab. viii. p. 347.)

Crocon The husband of Saesara and father of Meganeira.( Apollod. iii. 9. § 1; Paus. i 38. § 2; comp. ARCAS.)

Hersilia the wife of Romulus, was the only married woman carried off by the Romans in the rape of the Sabine maidens. As Romulus after death became Quirinus, so Hersilia his wife became a goddess, Hora or Horta. Some writers, however, made Hersilia the wife of Hostus, grandson of Tullus Hostilius.

Antevorta also called Porrima or Prorsa, together with Postvorta, are described as the two sisters or companions of the Roman goddess Carmenta; but originally they were two attributes of the one goddess Carmenta.

Prothoanor a son of Areilycus, was one of the leaders of the Boeotians against Troy, where he was slain by Polydamas ( Hom. Il. ii. 495, xiv. 450, &c. )

Ocalea a daughter of Mantineus, and wife of Abas, by whom she became the mother of Acrisius and Proetus.  ( Apollod. ii. 2 § 1.) The Scholiast of Euripides ( Orest. 953 ) calls her Aglaia.

Polyphonte A daughter of Hipponous, king of the Triballi, and Thrassa. She was a companion of the goddess Artemis who scorned Aphrodite and was cursed to fall in love with a bear. She bore the creature two gigantic son Agrius and Orius and was later transformed into an owl. ( Ant. Lib. 21.)

Talthybius [L., fr. Gr. Talthybios.] The herald of Agamemnon at Troy.

Aiantis [Gr.] Gr. Relig. An epithet of Athena at Megara.

Cyllaros [L., fr. Gr. Kyllaros.] The horse of Castor.

Plexippus 1. A son of Thestius, and brother of Althaea, was killed by Meleager. ( Apollod. iii. 15 § 3; Schol. ad Soph. Anitg. 980.) 2. One of the sons of Aegytus ( Hygin. Fab. 170.)

Academus [L., fr. Gr. Akadēmos.] Gr. Myth. A hero who told Castor and Pollux where Theseus had hidden Helen.

Servius Tullius the legendary sixth king of ancient Rome who built the city walls and whose accession to the throne was prophesied by and secured with the help of Tanaquil, the widow of the previous king: assassinated by his daughter Tullia and her husband Tarquin.

Tanaquil a legendary queen of Rome who prophesied the future greatness of Servius Tullius and helped him to gain the throne after the murder of her husband by a political faction.

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